Earlier this week the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) announced that concentrations of CO2 in the Earth’s atmosphere surged to a record high in 2016. The increase was 50% higher than the average of the past 10 years. In its annual review, the UN says the gap between carbon cutting plans and the reductions required to keep temperature rises below 2 degrees Celsius is "alarmingly high".
“Environmental regulations are typically considered to be a drag on the economy,” writes Matthew Neidell in his article Air pollution and worker productivity. However, improved environmental quality may actually enhance productivity by creating a healthier workforce, he explains. For example, the pollutant PM2.5 has been shown to affect blood pressure, and cause irritation in the ear, nose, throat, and lungs, and mild headaches. It has also been linked with cognitive effects such as reductions in test scores.
Sefi Roth has also written about the link between air pollution and educational achievements and the effects of PM2.5 on scholastic performance of students in standardized exams in Israel. The study found that taking an exam on a polluted day was associated with a 3.2% decline in a student’s test scores. Boys and students from low socio-economic backgrounds were most affected.
Call for papers: Bank of England: Gender and Career Progression, May 14. The Bank of England, the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System and the European Central Bank are organizing a conference on Gender and career progression, with a focus on issues specific to finance, economics, and central banks, to be held at the Bank of England. Governor Mark Carney (Bank of England) will provide opening remarks, and Dr. Brian Bell will be giving a keynote speech. Submission deadline: November 24, 2017
Call for abstracts: The World of Labor Conference 2018, June 28-29. The IZA will hold a World Labor Conference to celebrate the 20th anniversary of IZA, in Berlin, Germany. There will be eight sets of two-hour parallel sessions, with each of the 48 sessions containing four papers. In addition, there will be: One plenary session each day with a keynote address; and a ceremonial dinner on the evening of June 28, at which the biennial IZA Prize in Labor Economics will be presented. Submission deadline: November 15, 2017
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