The number of refugees has increased worldwide, and about half of them are children and youth. After settling in a new country, these children will spend most of their lives there, and many will start families. The degree to which refugee children and youth can thrive and integrate into their new environment is, therefore, a matter of great importance, not only for refugees but also for their resettlement countries.
However, much of the research on refugees’ economic outcomes focuses on adult populations. Less is known about the long-term economic outcomes of refugee children and youth once they enter adulthood.
By understanding how particular contexts lead to differential outcomes over time, it is possible to come to a more nuanced understanding of refugee children’s experiences, as well as what those experiences mean for children’s lives and economic futures post-resettlement.
Both refugees and family migrants do not “catch up” to the economic integration levels of labor migrants. A faster integration process would significantly benefit refugees and their new host countries.