Clark University, Boston Research Data Center, and NBER, USA
IZA World of Labor role
John T. Croteau Professor of Economics, Clark University, USA; Executive Director, Boston Research Data Center, USA; Research Associate, National Bureau of Economic Research, USA
Effectiveness and economic impact of government regulation of environmental and workplace hazards
Positions/functions as a policy advisor
Member, EPA’s Environmental Economics Advisory Committee (2011–date); Member, EPA’s Advisory Council on Clean Air Compliance Analysis (2004–2010)
PhD Economics, Harvard University, 1984
“Do EPA regulations affect labor demand? Evidence from the pulp and paper industry.” Journal of Environmental Economics and Management 68:1 (2014): 188–202 (with R. Shadbegian, C. Wang, and M. Meral).
“Environmental justice: Do poor and minority populations face more hazards?” In: Jefferson, P. N. (ed.) Oxford Handbook of the Economics of Poverty. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2012 (with R. Shadbegian and A. Wolverton).
“The effectiveness of environmental monitoring and enforcement: A review of the empirical evidence.” Review of Environmental Economics and Policy 5:1 (2011): 3–24 (with J. Shimshack).
“Pollution abatement expenditures and plant-level productivity: A production function approach.” Ecological Economics 54:2-3 (2005): 196-208 (with R. Shadbegian).
"The cost of regulation: OSHA, EPA and the productivity slowdown." American Economic Review 77:5 (1987): 998–1006.
Environmental regulations and business decisions
Environmental regulations impose costs on firms, affecting productivity and location but providing significant health benefitsWayne B. Gray, September 2015Environmental regulations raise production costs at regulated firms, though in most cases the costs are only a small fraction of a firm’s total costs. Productivity tends to fall, and firms may shift new investment and production to locations with less stringent regulation. However, environmental regulations have had enormous benefits in terms of lives saved and illnesses averted, especially through reductions in airborne particulates. The potential health gains may be even greater in developing countries, where pollution levels are high. The benefits to society from environmental regulation hence appear to be much larger than the costs of compliance.MoreLess