Evidence-based policy making
IZA World of Labor is an online platform that provides policy analysts, journalists, academics and society generally with relevant and concise information on labor market issues. Based on the latest research, it provides current thinking on labor markets worldwide in a clear and accessible style. IZA World of Labor aims to support evidence-based policy making and increase awareness of labor market issues, including current concerns like the impact of Covid-19, and longer-term problems like inequality.
View our content on Covid-19—Pandemics and the labor market
Ignoring the large variation in firm-level outcomes can create misunderstandings about the consequences of many policies
Recent research has revealed enormous variation in performance and growth among firms, which both drives and is driven by large reallocations of inputs and outputs across firms (churning) within industries and markets. These differences in firm-level outcomes and the associated turnover of firms affect many economic policies (both labor- and non-labor-oriented), on both a microeconomic and a macroeconomic scale, and are affected by them. Properly evaluating these policies requires familiarity with the sources and consequences of firm-level variation and within-industry reallocation.
Government policies can stimulate female labor force participation if coherent and well thought-outNorberto Pignatti, November 2020Increasing women's labor force participation is important to sustainable economic development, especially in economies with highly educated women and an aging population. Women's participation varies across transition countries, driven by such economic and social factors as traditional views of gender roles and limited government support for caregivers. Still, in all countries there is clear scope for policies aimed at increasing women's participation. In particular, in countries where women's educational attainment is already high, policies to support a better work–life balance and female entrepreneurship look particularly promising.MoreLess
Do regulation-induced environmental innovations affect employment?Jens Horbach, November 2020New environmental technologies (environmental/eco-innovations) are often regarded as potential job creators—in addition to their positive effects on the environment. Environmental regulation may induce innovations that are accompanied by positive growth and employment effects. Recent empirical analyses show that the introduction of cleaner process innovations, rather than product-based ones, may also lead to higher employment. The rationale is that cleaner technologies lead to cost savings, which helps to improve firms’ competitiveness, thereby inducing positive effects on their market shares.MoreLess
Public sector outsourcing Updated
The desirability of outsourcing the provision of public services depends on their characteristics and market conditionsThe decision to outsource public provision of services is multifaceted and context dependent. Doing so tends to lower labor intensity and increase its efficiency. Costs are usually lower, but quality problems can affect services like health care, though consumer choice has stimulated innovation and quality in both education and health care. Natural monopolies are less suitable for outsourcing, while network services (public transportation) may be outsourced through public tenders. Though some jobs may be lost in the short term, the long-term effects are generally positive for a wide variety of activities.MoreLess
The variation of racial wage gaps across and within groups requires differing policy solutionsSimonetta Longhi, October 2020In many developed countries, racial and ethnic minorities are paid, on average, less than the native white majority. While racial wage differentials are partly the result of immigration, they also persist for racial minorities of second and further generations. Eliminating racial wage differentials and promoting equal opportunities among citizens with different racial backgrounds is an important social policy goal. Inequalities resulting from differences in opportunities lead to a waste of talent for those who cannot reach their potential and to a waste of resources if some people cannot contribute fully to society.MoreLess
Nov 24, 2020Working from home is one of three key areas highlighted by the government’s Scientific Advisory Group for Emergencies to help stop the pandemic from spreading.
The Tanzanian government is being sued for not allowing pregnant girls to attend school and the EU's chief Brexit negotiator must self-isolate after one of his team tested positive for Covid-19. Here’s a snapshot of some of the news stories you might have missed.
Nov 19, 2020The Afghan asylum seeker was charged with endangering the life of a child after his son died when the boat bringing them to Greece capsized on November 8.
Nov 17, 2020Whilst the Joint Committee on Vaccination and Immunisation has recommended that the vaccine should be distributed depending on age groups, Mr Khan has also requested for ethnicity to be included as a factor.
Dec 07, 2020 - Dec 08, 2020
OECD Conference Centre, Paris
The conference will examine the economic aspects of international migration in OECD countries by mapping the migratory flows and analyzing their socio-economic determinants and consequences.
May 14, 2021 - May 15, 2021
Philadelphia, United States
The Society of Labor Economists will hold the 26th Annual Meetings on May 14-15, 2021 at the Sonesta Philadelphia, 1800 Market Street Philadelphia, PA, 19103.
Sep 07, 2021 - Sep 08, 2021
The 2020 World Employment Conference originally planned to take place from September 29 to October 1 in Madrid, Spain has been postponed to September 2021.