Evidence-based policy making
IZA World of Labor is an online platform that provides policy analysts, journalists, academics and society generally with relevant and concise information on labor market issues. Based on the latest research, it provides current thinking on labor markets worldwide in a clear and accessible style. IZA World of Labor aims to support evidence-based policy making and increase awareness of labor market issues.
Snapshots of who is poor in one period provide an incomplete picture of poverty
A considerable part of the poverty that is measured in a single period is transitory rather than persistent. In most countries, only a portion of people who are currently poor are persistently poor. People who are persistently poor or who cycle into and out of poverty should be the main focus of anti-poverty policies. Understanding the characteristics of the persistently poor, and the circumstances and mechanisms associated with entry into and exit from poverty, can help to inform governments about options to reduce persistent poverty. Differences in poverty persistence across countries can shed additional light on possible sources of poverty persistence.
A strong resource boom that benefited Canada’s economy and labor market was followed by a painful adjustmentW. Craig Riddell, April 2018During the 2000–2016 period, Canada’s economy and labor market performed well. An important element in this success was the strong resource boom that lasted from the late 1990s to 2014. Since that time the economy and labor market have been undergoing a painful adjustment, a process that is now essentially complete. A good rule of thumb when examining many aspects of the labor market, such as the extent of unionization and the level of the minimum wage relative to the median wage, is that Canada is situated roughly halfway between the US and Europe.MoreLess
- Migration and ethnicity
- Labor markets and institutions
- Transition and emerging economies
Labor productivity is generally seen as bringing wealth and prosperity; but how does it vary over the business cycle?Michael C. Burda, April 2018Aggregate labor productivity is a central indicator of an economy’s economic development and a wellspring of living standards. Somewhat controversially, many macroeconomists see productivity as a primary driver of fluctuations in economic activity along the business cycle. In some countries, the cyclical behavior of labor productivity seems to have changed. In the past 20–30 years, the US has become markedly less procyclical, while the rest of the OECD has not changed or productivity has become even more procyclical. Finding a cogent and coherent explanation of these developments is challenging.MoreLess
- Migration and ethnicity
- Labor markets and institutions
- Education and human capital
- Country labor markets
Employment has grown steadily and the gender gap and skill premiums have fallenDavid C. Maré, April 2018New Zealand is a small open economy, with large international labor flows and skilled immigrants. Since 2000, employment growth has kept pace with strong migration-related population growth. While overall employment rates have remained relatively stable, they have increased substantially for older workers. In contrast, younger workers as well as the Maori and Pasifika ethnic groups experienced a sharp decline in employment rates and a rise in unemployment around the time of the global financial crisis. Wage gains have been modest and there has been a compression of earnings differentials by gender as well as by skill.MoreLess
Family firms offer higher job security but lower wages than other firmsThomas Breda, April 2018Family firms are ubiquitous in most countries. The differences in objectives, governance, and management styles between those firms and their non-family counterparts have several implications for the workforce, which scholars have only recently started to investigate. Family firms offer greater job security, employ different management practices, have a comparative advantage to avoid conflicts when employment relations are more hostile, and provide insurance to workers through implicit contracts when labor market regulation is limited. But all this also comes at a cost.MoreLess
Gender equality organization says that “progress is painfully slow” and calls for quotas to redress the gender imbalance in leadership, legal, political, and media roles.
The Seoul Metropolitan Government is iencouraging employees to improve their work–life balance by powering down their computers on Friday evenings.
Almost half of UK students in their first year of primary school have such a limited vocabulary that it is affecting their learning, according to new research.
A recent report finds that Canada has made great improvements in early education since 2004, but allocations for young children have flat-lined since the last assessment in 2014.
May 02, 2018 - May 03, 2018
Room XI, ILO, 4 route des Morillons, Geneva, Switzerland
The event will provide a global platform for governments, social partners, youth and civil society, the private sector, UN entities and beyond to foster collaboration on Decent Jobs for Youth under the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.
May 03, 2018 - May 06, 2018
We are pleased to announce the organization of the Seventeenth IZA/SOLE Transatlantic Meeting of Labor Economists to be held at the Ammersee Conference Center in Bavaria
May 14, 2018
Bank of England
The Bank of England, the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System and the European Central Bank are organizing a conference on Gender and career progression, with a focus on issues specific to finance, economics, and central banks, to be held on May 14, 2018 at the Bank of England. Governor Mark Carney (Bank of England) will provide opening remarks, and Dr. Brian Bell will be giving a keynote speech.