Evidence-based policy making

IZA World of Labor is an online platform that provides policy analysts, journalists, academics and society generally with relevant and concise information on labor market issues. Based on the latest research, it provides current thinking on labor markets worldwide in a clear and accessible style. IZA World of Labor aims to support evidence-based policy making and increase awareness of labor market issues.

featured article

Do family and kinship networks support entrepreneurs?

Family and kinship ties offer multiple benefits to developing country entrepreneurs but can also have adverse effects

Christophe Jalil Nordman

Family and kinship networks are important in helping people get jobs and start companies, as statistics for developing countries show. Promising new research has begun to assess the positive and negative effects of these family and kinship ties on entrepreneurial success. To what extent, and why, are family networks used, and do they result in better economic outcomes for entrepreneurs? Results point to the need for policymakers to identify and emulate efficient informal networks in order to develop innovative support policies for vulnerable entrepreneurs, especially for those who are attached to weak or inefficient networks.

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  • The labor market in Italy, 2000–2016

    Italy has seen moderate recovery since the double-dip recession, but problems persist among the youth and in southern regions

    The Italian labor market suffered a sizable negative shock from the double-dip recession and has since experienced a moderate recovery beginning in 2014. Despite some improvement, unemployment remains higher than pre-crisis levels, especially for young workers. Female participation has been slowly increasing. Regional heterogeneity is still high, with the stagnating south unable to catch up with the north. Real earnings have been increasing, but productivity is stable at relatively low levels compared to other European countries. Finally, undeclared employment is high, especially in the south.
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  • Skill utilization at work: Opportunity and motivation

    Challenging jobs and work incentives induce workers to use their skills but make life difficult for managers

    Giovanni Russo, December 2017
    Organizational characteristics and management styles vary dramatically both across and within sectors, which leads to huge variation in job design and complexity. Complex jobs pose a challenge for management and workers; an incentive structure aimed at unlocking workers’ potential can effectively address this challenge. However, the heterogeneity of job complexity and the inherent difficulty in devising a correct set of incentives may result in misalignment between job demands and incentivized behaviors, and in complaints by employers about the lack of skilled workers.
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  • The labor market in South Korea, 2000–2016

    The labor market stabilized quickly after the 1998 Asian crisis, but rising inequality and demographic change are challenges

    Jungmin Lee, December 2017
    South Korea has boasted one of the world's most successful economies since the end of World War II. The South Korean labor market has recovered quickly from the depths of the Asian crisis in 1998, and has since remained surprisingly sound and stable. The unemployment rate has remained relatively low, and average real earnings have steadily increased. The South Korean labor market was resilient in the wake of the global financial crisis. However, there are issues that require attention, including high earnings inequality, an aging labor force, increasing part-time jobs, and rising youth unemployment rates.
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  • The Danish labor market, 2000–2016

    Despite recession-induced job losses, high turnover prevented a steep increase in long-term and youth unemployment

    Torben M. Andersen, November 2017
    Denmark is often highlighted as a “flexicurity” country characterized by rather lax employment protection legislation, generous unemployment insurance, and active labor market policies. Despite a sharp and prolonged decline in employment in the wake of the Great Recession, high job turnover and wage adjustments worked to prevent long-term and thus structural unemployment from increasing. While many have been affected by unemployment, most unemployment spells have been short, which has muted the effects on long-term and youth unemployment. Recent years have seen a sequence of reforms to boost labor supply and employment, including measures targeting the young, the elderly, and immigrants.
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  • Mar 11, 2018 - Mar 13, 2018

    Rigorous Impact Evaluation in Europe - Call for papers

    Torino, Italy

    The International Network for Social Policy Teaching and Research, the University of Maryland, and Evaluation Review will cosponsor a conference on rigorous impact evaluation in Europe. The conference will be held in Torino, Italy, beginning with a dinner on Sunday, March 11 and concluding on Tuesday, March 13.

  • Apr 05, 2018 - Apr 06, 2018

    Call for papers: Technological Innovation and the future of work: emerging aspects worldwide

    Santiago de Compostela, Spain

    CIELO Laboral has launched a global initiative to study the Future of Work, inviting the Member States to undertake dialogues regarding the future of work at national level

  • Apr 20, 2018 - Apr 21, 2018

    2nd IZA Workshop on Gender and Family Economics, Joint with Barnard College

    Barnard College, New York

    IZA and Barnard College are organizing the 2nd IZA Annual Workshop on Gender and Family Economics. The workshop will create a stimulating environment that will enable participants to engage in discussion of and receive valuable feedback on pressing issues in gender- and family-related research and policy.

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