Evidence-based policy making
IZA World of Labor is an online platform that provides policy analysts, journalists, academics and society generally with relevant and concise information on labor market issues. Based on the latest research, it provides current thinking on labor markets worldwide in a clear and accessible style. IZA World of Labor aims to support evidence-based policy making and increase awareness of labor market issues.
Understanding religiosity is crucial to informed policy making
Most religions in transition economies were marginalized by their former communist regimes. Today, some of these countries are experiencing a revival of religiosity, while others are prone to secularization. Religious norms affect individual decision making with respect to human capital investment, economic reforms, marital stability, employment, and other contexts. This implies that the interests of both religious and non-religious communities may differ and must be taken into account when designing and implementing economic policies, which is a challenge for policymakers.
Immigrants initially earn less than natives; the wage gap falls over time, but for many immigrant groups it never closesImmigrants contribute to the economic development of the host country, but they earn less at entry and it takes many years for them to achieve parity of income. For some immigrant groups, the wage gap never closes. There is a wide variation across countries in the entry wage gap and the speed of wage assimilation over time. Wage assimilation is affected by year of entry, immigrant skill, ethnicity, and gender. Policies that facilitate assimilation of immigrant workers provide support for education, language, and employment. Such policies can also reduce barriers to entry, encourage naturalization, and target selection of immigrants.MoreLess
Where STEM immigrants were educated strongly influences their economic success and possibly their impact on innovationCanada, the US, and most Western countries are looking to STEM (science, technology, engineering, and mathematics) immigrants to boost innovation and economic growth. Canada in particular has welcomed many STEM immigrants over the past quarter of a century. In the US, there is an ongoing debate about whether the H–1B visa program is being used effectively to attract more STEM immigrants. Interestingly, significant differences exist between the two countries in earnings and likely the innovation activity of highly educated immigrants, which highlights the likely role of immigration policy in determining such outcomes.MoreLess
- Labor markets and institutions
- Transition and emerging economies
- Demography, family, and gender
The institutional structure of pension systems should follow population developmentsMarek Góra, April 2019For decades, pension systems were based on the rising revenue generated by an expanding population (the so-called demographic dividend). As changes in fertility and longevity created new population structures, however, the dividend disappeared, but pension systems failed to adapt. They are kept solvent by increasing redistributions from the shrinking working-age population to retirees. A simple and transparent structure and individualization of pension system participation are the key preconditions for an intergenerationally just old-age security system.MoreLess
The right policies can help the self-employed to boost their earnings above the poverty level and earn more for the work they doGary S. Fields, March 2019A key way for the world’s poor to escape poverty is to earn more for their labor. Most of the world’s poor people are self-employed, but because there are few opportunities in most developing countries for them to earn enough to escape poverty, they are working hard but working poor. Two key policy planks in the fight against poverty should be: raising the returns to self-employment and creating more opportunities to move from self-employment into higher paying wage employment.MoreLess
Apr 18, 2019New study finds 23.1 million missing female births across a dozen countries since 1970.
Over 100 Chinese technology companies have been blacklisted by protesters for making employees work for more than 12 hours a day.
Apr 15, 2019A new survey published by Ipsos has revealed that one of the biggest worries for South Africans is financial or political corruption.
The UK is granted a "flextension" in its Brexit withdrawal negotiations and protests continue in Sudan following the ousting of President al-Bashir. Here's a snapshot of some of the news stories you may have missed this week.
May 08, 2019 - May 09, 2019
May 16, 2019 - May 17, 2019
The workshop aims to facilitate the networking of young scientists and to promote the exchange of their latest research across the range of labour economics, social policy, education economics, demography and migration. Policy relevant contributions, either theoretical or applied, are highly welcome. We particularly encourage PhD students to submit their latest research.
May 23, 2019 - May 24, 2019
UCD Geary Institute for Public Policy, Ireland
Going into its 16th edition this year, the IZA Annual Migration Meeting aims at bringing together junior and senior migration researchers to discuss their most recent work in a constructive atmosphere.