University of Maryland Baltimore County, USA, and IZA, Germany
IZA World of Labor role
Professor of Economics and Public Policy, UMBC, USA
Labor markets in developing economies, Latin American immigrants in the United States
Positions/functions as a policy advisor
Consultant for: World Bank, United Nations Development Program, United States Agency for International Development, Government of Honduras, Government of Costa Rica, Canadian International Development Research Center, UK Department for International Development
Visiting Professor, University of Costa Rica; Visiting Professor, National Autonomous University of Costa Rica; Visiting Professor, Tulane University
PhD Economics, Cornell University, 1988
“The impact of minimum wages on wages, work and poverty in Nicaragua.” Labour Economics 18 (2011): S45–S59 (with E. Alaniz and K. Terrell).
“Self-employment in the developing world.” World Development (Forthcoming) (with D. Newhouse).
“Minimum wages, globalization, and poverty in Honduras.” World Development 38:6 (2010): 908–918 (with K. Terrell).
“The effects of multiple minimum wages throughout the labor market: The case of Costa Rica.” Labour Economics 14 (2007): 485–511 (with K. Terrell).
Whether raising minimum wages reduces—or increases—poverty depends on the characteristics of the labor marketT. H. Gindling, May 2014Raising the minimum wage in developing countries could increase or decrease poverty, depending on labor market characteristics. Minimum wages target formal sector workers—a minority in most developing countries—many of whom do not live in poor households. Whether raising minimum wages reduces poverty depends not only on whether formal sector workers lose jobs as a result, but also on whether low-wage workers live in poor households, how widely minimum wages are enforced, how minimum wages affect informal workers, and whether social safety nets are in place.MoreLess