International Literacy Day is celebrated across the world tomorrow. This year’s International Literacy Day will highlight the challenges and opportunities in promoting literacy in the digital world. Despite progress, at least 750 million adults and 264 million out-of-school children still lack basic literacy skills.
“Evidence suggests that there are economic gains for individuals if they have better basic skills,” writes Anna Vignoles. “...policymakers need to ensure that both school leavers and adult workers have higher levels of literacy and numeracy. If this can be achieved—even though the currently high premium paid to those with even modest levels of literacy and numeracy will decline somewhat—it would be expected that, overall, individuals would be more productive, which would have wider economic benefits.”
Niels-Hugo Blunch identifies adult literacy programs (ALPS) as a potentially important vehicle to improve literacy and numeracy skills. In many developing countries, however, these programs do not seem to have achieved their forecasted objectives and therefore have been neglected or abandoned in recent years. But, evidence shows the ALPs do affect other important socio-economic outcomes such as health, household income, and labor market participation by enhancing participants’ health knowledge and income-generating activities.
How candidates' looks affect their election chances
Acquiring information is costly in terms of time and effort and people rely on various short-cuts when making choices. This is particularly pronounced in politics, where many voters reduce the costs of acquiring information for an election by relying on easily-available information, such as candidate photos. Research suggests that political candidates who look more attractive or competent have an electoral advantage around the world, with studies now available for Germany, Finland, Australia, the US, and others. While effects of the appearance of candidates on electoral success have been established, it has been an open question what the political consequences are. Continue reading.
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All newly published one-pagers are also available to read and download in German. Find out more.
Upcoming events and calls for papers
AIEL XXXII National Conference of Labour Economics, September 14-15. The AIEL is pleased to invite you to attend the 32nd Annual Conference of the Italian Association of Labour Economists to be hosted by the Department of Economics, Statistics and Finance “Giovanni Anania” at the University of Calabria in the Arcavacata Campus in Rende (Cosenza), on September 14-15, 2017. Full program available here.