Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore—Milano, Italy, and IZA, Germany
IZA World of Labor role
Full Professor of Economics and Director of the Institute of Economic Policy at the Catholic University (UCSC, Milano), Italy
Economics of innovation, entrepreneurship, applied microeconometrics
Positions/functions as a policy advisor
He has been scientific consultant for the International Labour Office (ILO), World Bank (WB), the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB), the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO), and the European Commission (EC)
PhD Economics, Pavia University, 1992; PhD Science and Technology Policy, SPRU—Sussex University, 1992
“R&D drivers and age: Are young firms different?” Research Policy 43 (2014): 1544–1556 (with J. García-Quevedo and G. Pellegrino).
“Trade, technology and skills: Evidence from Turkish microdata.” Labour Economics 18 (2011): S60–S70 (with E. Meschi and E. Taymaz).
“Trade and income inequality in developing countries.” World Development 37 (2009): 287–302 (with E. Meschi).
“Internal and external R&D: A sample selection approach.” Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics 66 (2004): 457–482 (with C. Piga).
“Start-up size and industrial dynamics: Some evidence from Italian manufacturing.” International Journal of Industrial Organization 17 (1999): 965–983 (D. Audretsch and E. Santarelli).
Innovation and employment
Technological unemployment is not inevitable—some innovation creates jobs, and some job destruction can be avoidedMarco Vivarelli, May 2015Studies find that technological change has contributed to the decline in manufacturing and to persistent unemployment in many advanced economies. While process innovation can be job-destroying, product innovation can imply the emergence of new firms, new sectors, and thus new jobs. But even for process innovation, the final impact on labor demand is shaped by market mechanisms that can compensate for the direct job-destroying impact if market and institutional rigidities do not impede them. Policies should maximize the job-creation effect of product innovation and minimize the direct labor-saving impact of process innovation.MoreLess