February 20 is World Day of Social Justice which marks the United Nations' commitment to guaranteeing fair outcomes for all through the eradication of poverty, the promotion of full employment and decent work, gender equity, and access to social well-being and justice for all.
An obstacle for children from disadvantaged families is that they have lower levels of school readiness when they enter school than do children from more advantaged families. Many countries have tried to reduce this inequality through publicly provided preschool. “Good-quality preschool programs more than pay for themselves by boosting achievement and reducing inequality of achievement,” writes Jane Waldfogel. “That is good news, especially for countries with persistent and high levels of inequality—and a good reason to expand preschool programs in countries where enrollment is far from universal.”
A “very disturbing” link between spikes in air pollution and increased mortality amongst people with mental and behavioral health disorders such as dementia, bipolar disorder, and depression has been found by a major new study in Hong Kong.
A strong positive correlation between incomes across generations indicates that children from a poor family are likely to be relatively poor as adults and that elite positions are generally held by those from rich backgrounds. This may indicate economic inefficiency, as immobile societies may not allow the most talented the best opportunities. Read the full commentary.
All newly published one-pagers are also available to read and download in German. Find out more.
Upcoming events and calls for papers
2018 Henderson Conference, February 15-16. The 2018 Henderson Conference commemorates the 50th anniversary of Professor Ronald Henderson's pivotal work on poverty in Australia. How has our social security system changed since then? The conference, hosted at the University of Melbourne, will explore how Australia’s welfare system can better respond to poverty and inequality
Open for applications: Understanding and Synthesizing Evidence-Based Research, June 4-15. The University of Maryland School of Public Policy will offer a for-credit international graduate course on understanding and synthesizing evidence-based research in Paris, Summer 2018. Application deadline: March 1, 2018
Call for papers: 15th Annual Migration Meeting, August 9-10. Going into its 15th edition this year, the IZA Annual Migration Meeting aims at bringing together junior and senior migration researchers to discuss their most recent work in a constructive atmosphere. Submission deadline: March 31, 2018
Call for papers: IZA/CEPR Annual Symposium in Labour Economics 2018, The goal of the symposium is to provide a forum for high-quality work in labour economics and to bring together economists in the field from across Europe as well as key researchers from outside the region. Submission deadline: April 20, 2018