Immigration is one of the most important policy debates. Often this topic appears to be related to concerns that immigrants harm the labor market prospects of natives.
According to Brian Bell, who examines whether poor market opportunities lead to migrant crime, "[t]he evidence, based on empirical studies of many countries, indicates that there is no simple link between immigration and crime, but legalizing the status of immigrants has beneficial effects on crime rates."
"Crucially, the evidence points to substantial differences in the impact on property crime, depending on the labor market opportunities of immigrant groups," Bell adds.
IZA World of Labor author James P. Smith has also looked at the taxpayer effects of immigration and concludes that: "in the long term, the effects are positive in the US and in several European countries, and strongly positive for better-educated immigrants, but negative in other areas and for poorly educated and illegal immigrants and refugees."
He adds that: "[t]he same calculations are needed for countries losing people by outmigration. High-skilled young immigrants who work provide the highest taxpayer benefits; allowing immigrants and their progeny to reside permanently provides a net benefit to society."
As new evidence emerges, the IZA World of Labor Editorial Board will commission updated versions of existing articles. Listed below are some of our latest updates. If you would like more information on article updates and how to access them, please visit “What are article updates?” on our FAQ section.
Does government spending crowd out charitable behavior?
From a policy perspective, there is concern that private charitable donations might be crowded out by comprehensive government spending. If people are only concerned with the total amount of welfare provided, they will treat government spending as a substitute for their own donations. In such a situation, an increase in government spending would result in a one-for-one decrease in private spending, or vice versa.
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Upcoming events and calls for papers
AIRAANZ Conferences 2019 - Global Work, Quality Work February 14, Melbourne, Australia.
The 33rd annual conference of the Association of Industrial Relations Academics of Australia and New Zealand (AIRAANZ) will be hosted by the School of Management at RMIT University, Melbourne.
9th ifo Dresden Workshop on Labor Economics and Social Policy May 16 - May 17, Dresden, Germany.
The workshop aims to facilitate the networking of young scientists and to promote the exchange of their latest research across the range of labor economics, social policy, education economics, demography and migration. Policy relevant contributions, either theoretical or applied, are highly welcome. We particularly encourage PhD students to submit their latest research.
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