"Often for political reasons Workers’ Day is treated as a day honoring the trade union movement. Indeed, in the US the rhetoric often uses the word 'labor' in the context of the holiday to refer to organized labor—trade unions. This conflating may be harmful to workers’ interests generally, since, except in Scandinavian countries, trade union membership is a small fraction of the total workforce..." Read more.
Professor Hamermesh has also selected three articles on the effects of unions:
Olaf Hübler notes in his article that despite this, employee interest in collective bargaining and work councils is obviously declining, giving the example of a recent event where workers at the Volkswagen factory in Tennessee voted against union representation. Hübler adds that "Works councils can have a positive impact on firm productivity, but only when specific conditions are in place... [and] policymakers should provide the necessary resources and appropriate, non-discriminatory incentives in order to encourage this."
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