Today, American citizens will vote for a new president to enter the White House; almost certainly either Republican Donald Trump or Democrat Hillary Clinton. Throughout this election we have witnessed a backlash against international trade. Trump has suggested that he might abrogate treaties such as NAFTA and other agreements which facilitate international trade. Both Clinton and Trump oppose the Trans-Pacific Partnership.
Anti-trade sentiment has been rising across the Atlantic in Europe. Recently, the Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement between Canada and the EU almost collapsed due to opposition in Belgium and there is opposition from groups in France, Germany, and the UK against the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership.
Another increasing trend in both Europe and the US is the rise in anti-immigrant sentiment. Murat Genç has written for the IZA World of Labor on the impact of migration on trade. He says that “trade increases on average by 1.5% when the number of immigrants increases by 10%."
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The effects of privatization on exports and employment; Can the privatization of state-owned enterprises generate a vitruous cycle between exports and employment?
Gender wage discrimination; does the extent of competition in labor markets explain why female workers are paid less than men?
Does employee ownership improve economic performance? Employee ownership generally increases firm performance and worker outcomes.
Can universal preschool increase labor supply of mothers? The success of universal preschool education depends crucially on the policy parameters and specific country context.
Can diversity encourage entrepreneurship in transition economies? Harnessing the benefits of diversity is essential for encouraging entrepreneurship in the transition region.
Do social interactions in the workplace lead to productivity spillover among coworkers? Peer pressure can affect productivity and explain why workers' wages and productivity depend on their coworkers' productivity.
Upcoming events and calls for papers
ICID/IZA/Renmin University/UCW Workshop on the Chinese Labor Market in Transition, November 18-19. This workshop wants to bring together junior and senior researchers who analyze the Chinese labor market in a rigorous fashion. While we invite contributions covering any aspect of labor market adjustment in China, one focus of the workshop will be the experience of young Chinese workers, where we are particularly interested in school-to-work transitions of young workers and in youth who enter the labor market early.
Call for papers: IZA Workshop on Social and Welfare Consequences of Unemployment, March 3-4. In the aftermath of the Great Recession unemployment rates remain high in many countries, with an increasing trend of long-term unemployment. Against this background we are pleased to invite submissions for the IZA Workshop on Social and Welfare Consequences of Unemployment. Researchers interested in participating should submit a full paper or extended abstract by November 30, 2016.
Call for papers: 2nd Junior/Senior Symposium, May 1-2. After an extremely successful initial Symposium in Bonn in July, the second IZA Junior/Senior Labor Symposium will be held at the University of Texas at Austin, USA, on Monday and Tuesday, May 1-2, 2017. We shall have 10 papers presented by authors who are between 1 and 6 years beyond their PhD. No author on any accepted paper should be outside this range of experience. Deadline for submission is December 15, 2016.
Call for applications: 20th IZA Summer School in Labor Economics, May 15-20. The objective of the Summer School is to bring together a large number of PhD students and senior lecturers to study new areas in labor economics. Students have the opportunity to present their work and discuss ideas with established researchers in a relaxed and open atmosphere. Submission deadline is January 15, 2017.