Université Catholique de Louvain, and National Fund for Scientific Research, Belgium, and IZA, Germany
IZA World of Labor role
Professor of Economics, UCLouvain and Research Associate, FNRS, Belgium
Migration, development, growth
Positions/functions as a policy advisor
Economic Advisor for the Regional Government of Wallonia (Belgium), 1991–2005World Bank ST Consultant, 2004–present
Associate Professor, University of Lille 2, 1997–2005; Economic Advisor to the Regional Government of Wallonia (Belgium), 1991–2005
PhD Economics, University Aix-Marseille II, 1995
“The labor market impact of immigration and emigration in OECD countries.” Economic Journal (2013) (with C. Ozden and G. Peri).
“Globalization, brain drain and development.” Journal of Economic Literature (2012) (with H. Rapoport).
“A gendered assessment of highly skilled emigration.” Population and Development Review (2009) (with B. L. Lowell and A. Marfouk).
“Brain drain and human capital formation in developing countries: Winners and losers.” Economic Journal (2008) (with M. Beine and H. Rapoport).
“Optimal accumulation in an endogenous growth framework with human capital.” Journal of Economic Theory (2006) (with O. Paddison and P. Pestieau).
The brain drain produces many more losers than winners in developing countriesFrédéric Docquier, May 2014The proportion of foreign-born people in rich countries has tripled since 1960, and the emigration of high-skilled people from poor countries has accelerated. Many countries intensify their efforts to attract and retain foreign students, which increases the risk of brain drain in the sending countries. In poor countries, this transfer can change the skill structure of the labor force, cause labor shortages, and affect fiscal policy, but it can also generate remittances and other benefits from expatriates and returnees. Overall, it can be a boon or a curse for developing countries, depending on the country’s characteristics and policy objectives.MoreLess