Paris School of Economics, France, and IZA, Germany
IZA World of Labor role
Research Professor, Paris School of Economics, France
Labor economics, workplace discrimination
Positions/functions as a policy advisor
Secondment at the Directorate for Employment, Labor and Social Affairs at OECD; Consultant to OECD Development Centre
PhD, Ecole Polytechnique, 2007
Why Muslim Integration Fails in Christian-Heritage Societies. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2016 (with C. L. Adida and D. D. Laitin).
“'One Muslim is enough!' Evidence from a field experiment in France." Annals of Economics and Statistics 121–122 (2016): 121–160 (with C. L. Adida and D. D. Laitin).
"The effect of weather-induced internal migration on local labor markets. Evidence from Uganda." World Bank Economic Review 29:2 (2015): 385–412 (with E. Strobl).
"Muslims in France: Identifying a discriminatory equilibrium." Journal of Population Economics 27:4 (2014): 1039–1086 (with C. L. Adida and D. D. Laitin).
"Identifying barriers to Muslim integration in France." PNAS 107:52 (2010): 384–390 (with C. L. Adida and D. D. Laitin).
- Program evaluation
- Migration and ethnicity
- Labor markets and institutions
- Demography, family, and gender
Do anti-discrimination policies work?
A mix of policies could be the solution to reducing discrimination in the labor marketMarie-Anne Valfort, May 2018Discrimination is a complex, multi-factor phenomenon. Evidence shows widespread discrimination on various grounds, including ethnic origin, sexual orientation, gender identity, religion or beliefs, disability, being over 55 years old, or being a woman. Combating discrimination requires combining the strengths of a range of anti-discrimination policies while also addressing their weaknesses. In particular, policymakers should thoroughly address prejudice (taste-based discrimination), stereotypes (statistical discrimination), cognitive biases, and attention-based discrimination.MoreLess