Evidence-based policy making
IZA World of Labor is an online platform that provides policy analysts, journalists, academics and society generally with relevant and concise information on labor market issues. Based on the latest research, it provides current thinking on labor markets worldwide in a clear and accessible style. IZA World of Labor aims to support evidence-based policy making and increase awareness of labor market issues.
Using decomposition methods helps measure both the amount and source of economic discrimination between groups
Differences in wages between men and women, white and black workers, or any two distinct groups are a controversial feature of the labor market, raising concern about discrimination by employers. Decomposition methods shed light on those differences by separating them into: (i) composition effects, which are explained by differences in the distribution of observable variables, e.g. education level; and (ii) structural effects, which are explained by differences in the returns to observable and unobservable variables. Often, a significant structural effect, such as different returns to education, can be indicative of discrimination.
The China Shock has challenged economists’ benign view of how trade integration affects labor markets in developed countriesDavid H. Autor, February 2018Economists have long recognized that free trade has the potential to raise countries’ living standards. But what applies to a country as a whole need not apply to all its citizens. Workers displaced by trade cannot change jobs costlessly, and by reshaping skill demands, trade integration is likely to be permanently harmful to some workers and permanently beneficial to others. The “China Shock”—denoting China’s rapid market integration in the 1990s and its accession to the World Trade Organization in 2001—has given new, unwelcome empirical relevance to these theoretical insights.MoreLess
Business consulting and supervisory skills training can improve firm productivity and labor relationsAchyuta Adhvaryu, February 2018Productivity differences across firms and countries are surprisingly large and persistent. Recent research reveals that the country-level distributions of productivity and quality of management are strikingly similar, suggesting that management practices may play a key role in the determination of worker and firm productivity. Understanding the causal impacts of these practices on productivity and the effectiveness of various management interventions is thus of primary policy interest.MoreLess
Unemployment rose only modestly during the Great Recession and fell strongly since, with productivity and wages lagging behindExperiences during the Great Recession support the view that the UK labor market is relatively flexible. Unemployment rose less and recovered faster than in most other European economies. However, this success has been accompanied by a stagnation of productivity and wages; an open question is whether this represents a cyclical phenomenon or a structural problem. In addition the planned exit of the UK from the EU (Brexit), which is quite possibly the greatest current threat to the stability of the UK labor market, is not yet visible in labor market statistics.MoreLess
Understanding how migration responds to tax changes will aid in setting the progressivity of a tax systemDecreased transportation costs have led to the transmission of ideas and values across national borders that has helped reduce the barriers to international labor mobility. In this context, high-skilled individuals are more likely to vote with their feet in response to high income taxes. It is thus important to examine the magnitude of tax-driven migration responses in developed countries as well as the possible consequences of income tax competition between nation states. More specifically, how does the potential threat of migration affect a country’s optimal income tax policies?MoreLess
The Scottish Parliament has been debating the need for a separate solution for migration policy in Scotland, due to the country’s “unique” needs.
Feb 21, 2018Refugee policy should be regarded as a development issue rather than a focus solely for humanitarian aid, a new report by Oxford University’s Refugee Studies Centre finds.
Feb 20, 2018As Italy goes to the polls in March, one key issue for the future government is increasing the number of stable, permanent jobs available.
Feb 19, 2018Around 50.8% of Nigerian children aged between five and 17 are engaged in child labor, a new survey by the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) has revealed.
Mar 11, 2018 - Mar 13, 2018
The International Network for Social Policy Teaching and Research, the University of Maryland, and Evaluation Review will cosponsor a conference on rigorous impact evaluation in Europe. The conference will be held in Torino, Italy, beginning with a dinner on Sunday, March 11 and concluding on Tuesday, March 13.
Mar 22, 2018 - Mar 23, 2018
ISID Complex, New Delhi, India
The Campbell Collaboration is co-partnering with the Global Development Network (GDN) and the Institute for Studies in Industrial Development (ISID) for the 18th Annual Global Development Conference, titled Science, Technology & Innovation for Development, 11-12 December 2017, at the ISID Complex in New Delhi, India.
Apr 05, 2018 - Apr 06, 2018
Santiago de Compostela, Spain
CIELO Laboral has launched a global initiative to study the Future of Work, inviting the Member States to undertake dialogues regarding the future of work at national level
Apr 20, 2018 - Apr 21, 2018
Barnard College, New York
IZA and Barnard College are organizing the 2nd IZA Annual Workshop on Gender and Family Economics. The workshop will create a stimulating environment that will enable participants to engage in discussion of and receive valuable feedback on pressing issues in gender- and family-related research and policy.
Apr 26, 2018 - Apr 27, 2018
The aim of the 2018 workshop of IZA’s “Labor Statistics” program area is to bring together senior and junior researchers to discuss their recent empirical research related to skill attainment and the returns to skill in the labor market.
May 03, 2018 - May 06, 2018
We are pleased to announce the organization of the Seventeenth IZA/SOLE Transatlantic Meeting of Labor Economists to be held at the Ammersee Conference Center in Bavaria