Evidence-based policy making
IZA World of Labor is an online platform that provides policy analysts, journalists, academics and society generally with relevant and concise information on labor market issues. Based on the latest research, it provides current thinking on labor markets worldwide in a clear and accessible style. IZA World of Labor aims to support evidence-based policy making and increase awareness of labor market issues, including current concerns like the impact of Covid-19, and longer-term problems like inequality.
View our content on Covid-19—Pandemics and the labor market
Who benefits from firm-sponsored training?Updated
Firm-sponsored training benefits both workers and firms through higher wages, increased productivity and innovation
Workers participating in firm-sponsored training receive higher wages as a result. But given that firms pay the majority of costs for training, shouldn’t they also benefit? Empirical evidence shows that this is in fact the case. Firm-sponsored training leads to higher productivity levels and increased innovation, both of which benefit the firm. Training can also be complementary to, and enhance, other types of firm investment, particularly in physical capital, such as information and communication technology (ICT), and in organizational capital, such as the implementation of high-performance workplace practices.
The widespread impacts of remittance flows Updated
Remittances have the potential to lift developing economiesCatalina Amuedo-DorantesSusan Pozo , May 2023Remittances have risen spectacularly in absolute terms and in relation to traditional sources of foreign exchange, such as export revenues. Remittances can improve the well-being of family members left behind and boost growth rates of receiving economies. They can also create a culture of dependency, lowering labor force participation in recipient nations, promoting conspicuous consumption, and accelerating environmental degradation. A more thorough understanding of their impacts can help formulate policies that enable developing economies to harness the most out of these monetary inflows.MoreLess
Unions and investment in intangible capital Updated
When workers and firms cannot commit to long-term contracts and capital investments are sunk, union power can reduce investmentGabriele CardulloGiovanni Sulis , May 2023Although coverage of collective bargaining agreements has been declining for decades in most countries, it is still extensive, especially in non-Anglo-Saxon countries. Strong unions may influence firms' incentives to invest in capital, particularly in sectors where capital investments are sunk (irreversible), as in research-intensive sectors. Whether unions affect firms' investment in capital depends on the structure and coordination of bargaining, the preference of unions between wages and employment, the quality of labor-management relations, the structure of corporate governance, and the existence of social pacts, among other factors.MoreLess
Eliminating discrimination in hiring isn’t enough
Firms interested in workplace diversity should consider the post-hiring stage and why some minority employees choose to leaveMackenzie Alston , May 2023While many firms have recognized the importance of recruiting and hiring diverse job applicants, they should also pay attention to the challenges newly hired diverse candidates may face after entering the company. It is possible that they are being assessed by unequal or unequitable standards compared to their colleagues, and they may not have sufficient access to opportunities and resources that would benefit them. These disparities could affect the career trajectory, performance, satisfaction, and retention of minority employees. Potential solutions include randomizing task assignments and creating inclusive networking and support opportunities.MoreLess
Maternity leave versus early childcare—What are the long-term consequences for children? Updated
Despite increasingly generous parental leave schemes their advantages over subsidized childcare remain unclearNabanita Datta GuptaJonas Jessen , May 2023There is growing agreement among parents in high-income countries that having a working mother does not harm a preschool child. Yet, research is ongoing on what the long-term effects on children are of being looked after at home (primarily by their mothers) or in childcare. Most studies find positive effects of childcare on child outcomes for children from disadvantaged backgrounds and moderate effects for children from more advantaged backgrounds. Policymakers need to improve compensation and the working environment for the sector if a high quality level is to be achieved and if the beneficial effects are to be maintained.MoreLess
May 15, 2023
Does winning an ERC grant improve scientific productivity in the long run?New study finds overall limited impact, with positive outcomes only for top-ranked winners in specific fields
Apr 28, 2023
Smart, simple, and fair: New proposal for immigration to GermanyIZA researcher team suggests creating a double dividend by linking labor immigration to collective bargaining
Apr 25, 2023
Generous unconditional cash transfers may reduce short-term labor force participationStudy from Barcelona finds negative employment effects, particularly among households with care responsibilities
Jun 29, 2023 - Jul 04, 2023
24th IZA Summer School in Labor Economics
The Summer School gives you an opportunity to learn from leading researchers about the latest advances in labor economics. In addition, the accompanying student presentations and mentoring sessions will provide a great platform for you to showcase your research and get valuable feedback.
Jul 05, 2023 - Jul 06, 2023
25th Anniversary IZA Conference in Labor Economics
The conference will feature keynotes by Ayşegül Şahin and Patrick Kline, as well as about 15 plenary presentations and a poster session. The conference will conclude with a panel discussion on the German labor market featuring leading policymakers and labor economists (Application deadline: March 15, 2023).
Sep 15, 2023 - Sep 16, 2023
Conference on Artificial Intelligence and the Economy
The conference covers a broad range of topics related to the economics of artificial intelligence. It will bring together recent contributions in this area of research, including both theoretical and empirical papers. Relevant subjects include, but are not limited to
IZA World of Labor panel discussion on health and the labor markets
IZA World of Labor discussion on the economics of sport
IZA World of Labor discussion on the economics of education
IZA World of Labor discussion on the economics of crime
IZA World of Labor discussion on higher education
IZA World of Labor discussion on the environment and the labor market
Working from home during Covid and women’s job satisfaction
Do international tourist arrivals change residents’ attitudes toward immigration?
The child penalty for graduates