Evidence-based policy making
IZA World of Labor is an online platform that provides policy analysts, journalists, academics and society generally with relevant and concise information on labor market issues. Based on the latest research, it provides current thinking on labor markets worldwide in a clear and accessible style. IZA World of Labor aims to support evidence-based policy making and increase awareness of labor market issues, including current concerns like the impact of Covid-19, and longer-term problems like inequality.
View our content on Covid-19—Pandemics and the labor market
Job search monitoring and benefit sanctions generally reduce unemployment duration and boost entry to employment in the short term
Unemployment benefits reduce incentives to search for a job. Policymakers have responded to this behavior by setting minimum job search requirements, by monitoring to check that unemployment benefit recipients are engaged in the appropriate level of job search activity, and by imposing sanctions for infractions. Empirical studies consistently show that job search monitoring and benefit sanctions reduce unemployment duration and increase job entry in the short term. However, there is some evidence that longer-term effects of benefit sanctions may be negative.
Lessons learned and questions remaining about offshoring and labor markets in developing countriesDeveloping countries are often seen as unquestionable beneficiaries in the phenomenal rise of global value chains in international trade. Offshoring—the cross-border trade in intermediate goods and services which facilitate country-level specialization in subsets of production tasks—enables an early start in global trade integration even when the requisite technology and knowhow for cost-effective production from scratch to finish are not yet acquired. A growing economics literature suggests a more nuanced view, however. Policymakers should be mindful of issues related to inequality across firms and wages, labor standards, and effects of trade policy.MoreLess
Which leadership techniques and tools should digital leaders use to communicate effectively with remote teams and gig workers?Petra Nieken , September 2022Remote work and digital collaborations are prevalent in the business world and many employees use digital communication tools routinely in their jobs. Communication shifts from face-to-face meetings to asynchronous formats using text, audio, or video messages. This shift leads to a reduction of information and signals leaders can send and receive. Do classical leadership and communication techniques such as transformational or charismatic leadership signaling still work in those online settings or do leaders have to rely on transactional leadership techniques such as contingent reward and punishment tools in the remote setting?MoreLess
Machines’ ability to perform cognitive, physical, and social tasks is advancing, dramatically changing jobs and labor marketsThe IT revolution has had dramatic effects on jobs and the labor market. Many routine manual and cognitive tasks have been automated, replacing workers. By contrast, new technologies complement and create new non-routine cognitive and social tasks, making work in such tasks more productive, and creating new jobs. This has polarized labor markets: while low-skill jobs stagnated, there are fewer and lower-paid jobs for middle-skill workers, and higher pay for high-skill workers, increasing wage inequality. Advances in AI may accelerate computers’ ability to perform cognitive tasks, heightening concerns about future automation of even high-skill jobs.MoreLess
- Migration and ethnicity
- Labor markets and institutions
- Education and human capital
- Country labor markets
Employment has grown steadily, unemployment is low, and the gender gap and skill premiums have fallenDavid C. Maré , August 2022New Zealand is a small open economy, with large international labor flows and skilled immigrants. After the global financial crisis (GFC) employment took four years to recover, while unemployment took more than a decade to return to pre-crisis levels. Māori, Pasifika, and young workers were worst affected. The Covid-19 pandemic saw employment decline and unemployment rise but this was reversed within a few quarters. However, the long-term impact of the pandemic remains uncertain.MoreLess
Sep 13, 2022
50 million people trapped in “modern slavery”; Argentinian hydrogen project threatens indigenous rights and the environmentToday’s global news summary brings news affecting the globe, Argentina, and Africa and discusses issues as diverse as modern slavery, green energy, and supporting women in business.
Aug 30, 2022
Child victims of Boko Haram enroll in school; India’s female university students are locked in for their “protection”Today’s global news summary brings news affecting Nigeria, India, and Pakistan and discusses issues as diverse as schooling, discrimination, and the climate crisis.
Aug 23, 2022
Four million UK pensioners are forced to bail out family members; Unemployment for Chinese 16-24-year-olds reaches almost 20%Today’s global news summary brings news from the UK and China, and discusses issues as diverse as higher education, youth unemployment, and unemployment for over 50s.
Majority of Americans are less concerned about climate change than they were three years ago; Youth unemployment in China hits record rateToday’s global news summary brings news from the US, China, and Afghanistan and discusses issues as diverse as climate change, unemployment rates, and poverty.
Sep 26, 2022
In addition to causing damages to the environment and human health, climate change as well as adaptation to global warming pose challenges for the functioning of society and of labor markets. In particular, this raises questions about the implications of climate change for a range of wellbeing and labor market outcomes, among others health, income, happiness, productivity, human capital formation, migration decisions, and much else.
Sep 28, 2022 - Sep 30, 2022
The keynote speaker will be Sandra E. Black (Columbia University and IZA). In addition to keynote and presentations in plenary or parallel sessions, we will have an invited international policy panel featuring Katrine V. Loken (NHH and IZA), Michela Carlana (Harvard Kennedy School and IZA), Dinand Webbink (Erasmus University Rotterdam and IZA) and Jack Mountjoy (University of Chicago) to discuss chances and benefits for education research and policy-making that arise from access to administrative data.
Oct 06, 2022 - Oct 07, 2022
The Program Committee invites submissions for about 12 presentations from academic researchers doing program evaluation research on policy issues related to the labor market. Papers that include innovative approaches or methodological contributions are of particular interest. The deadline for paper submission is June 30, 2022.