University of Munich, Ifo Institute, and IZA, Germany
IZA World of Labor role
Professor, University of Munich and Director of the Ifo Center for International Institutional Comparisons and Migration Research, Germany
Public economics, political economics, labor economics, migration, education, social security, electoral competition
Positions/functions as a policy advisor
Expert, Finnish Parliament; Expert, a committee of the Finnish Ministry of Finance
Professor, Department of Economics, University of Helsinki (2005–2006; 2006–2010); Research Fellow, Centre for Economic and Business Research (CEBR) (2002–2005); Visiting Fellow, Harvard University (1999–2000)
PhD Economics, University of Helsinki, 2002
“Pay for politicians and candidate selection: An empirical analysis.” Journal of Public Economics 95 (2011): 877–885 (with K. Kotakorpi).
“The looks of a winner: Beauty and electoral success.” Journal of Public Economics 94 (2010): 8–15 (with N. Berggren and H. Jordahl).
“Public and private education in an integrated Europe: Studying to migrate and teaching to stay?” Scandinavian Journal of Economics 110 (2008): 591–608.
“Social security incentives, human capital investment and mobility of labor.” Journal of Public Economics 91 (2007): 1299–1325.
“Candidate quality.” International Tax and Public Finance 14 (2007): 7–27 (with T. Takalo).
Looks matter and can tip the scales between the right and leftPanu Poutvaara, June 2017Good-looking political candidates win more votes around the world. This holds for both male and female candidates. Candidate appearance may be especially important for uninformed voters, as it is easy to observe. Voters may favor good-looking candidates because they expect them to be more competent or persuasive, but it can also be that voters simply enjoy laying their eyes on beautiful politicians. As politicians on the right have been deemed more attractive in Europe, the US, and Australia, the importance of beauty in politics favors conservative parties. A related finding is that voters use beauty as a cue for conservatism.MoreLess
The desirability of outsourcing the provision of public services depends on their characteristics and market conditionsPanu Poutvaara, May 2014Outsourcing public provision of services tends to lower labor intensity and increase its efficiency. Costs are usually lower, but quality problems can affect services like health care and residential youth care. Consumer choice has stimulated innovation in education, but the picture is ambiguous for health care. Natural monopolies are unsuitable for outsourcing. Network services (public transportation) may be outsourced through public tenders. While some jobs may be lost in the short run, the long-term effects are generally positive for a wide variety of activities.MoreLess