Iowa State University, USA, and IZA, Germany
IZA World of Labor role
Associate Professor, Department of Economics, Iowa State University, USA
Regional and urban economics, labor economics, economics of education, public economics, health economics, applied econometrics
Associate Professor, Oklahoma State University, 2016–2018; Assistant Professor, Oklahoma State University, 2013–2016 Assistant Professor, University of Cincinnati, 2011–2013; Assistant Professor, Auburn University at Montgomery, 2009–2011
PhD Economics, Georgia State University, 2009
“Self-employment differentials among foreign-born STEM and non-STEM workers.” Journal of Business Venturing 32:4 (2017): 371–384 (with Z. Cai).
“State merit aid programs and college major: A focus on STEM.” Journal of Labor Economics 33:4 (2015): 973–1006 (with D. Sjoquist).
“Estimating the returns to schooling using cohort-level maternal education as an instrument.” Economics Letters 126:1 (2015): 25–27.
“STEM graduates, human capital externalities, and wages in the U.S.” Regional Science and Urban Economics 48:1 (2014): 190–198.
Education benefits individuals, but the societal benefits are likely even greaterJohn V. Winters, December 2018Formal schooling increases earnings and provides other individual benefits. However, societal benefits of education may exceed individual benefits. Research finds that higher average education levels in an area are correlated with higher earnings, even for local residents with minimal education. Science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) graduates appear to generate especially strong external effects, due to their role in stimulating innovation and economic growth. Several strategies to test for causality find human capital externalities do exist.MoreLess