IZA World of Labor role
Chief Executive Officer, IZA, Germany; Honorary Professor, University of Luxembourg
Labor policy, problems of social protection, wage policy, and demography
Positions/functions as a policy advisor
Chief Executive Officer at the Luxembourg Institute of Socio-Economic Research, Belval, Luxembourg (2013–2016); Director of Labor Policy at the Institute for the Study of Labor (2001–2013)
PhD Economics, University of Frankfurt, 1983; Habilitation, Technical University of Darmstadt, 2007
"Active labor market policy in Germany–Is there a successful policy strategy?" Regional Science and Urban Economics 36 (2016): 399–430 (with M. Fertig and C. M. Schmidt).
"Evaluating continuous training programs using the generalized propensity score." Journal of the Royal Statistical Society, Series A (Statistics in Society) 175, Part 2 (2012): 587–617 (with J. Kluve, A. Uhlendorff, and Z. Zhao).
"Does size matter? The impact of changes in household structure on income distribution in Germany." Review of Income and Wealth 58 (2012): 118–141 (with A. Peichl and N. Pestel).
"Fiscal sustainability and demographic change: A micro approach for 27 EU countries." International Tax and Public Finance 24 (2017) (with M. Dolls, K. Doorley, A. Paulus, S. Siegloch, and E. Sommer).
"Reformpolitik und institutioneller Wandel: Neue Chancen für benachteiligte Gruppen auf dem Arbeitsmarkt?" In: Hinte, H., and K. F. Zimmermann (eds). Zeitenwende auf dem Arbeitsmarkt–Wie der demographische Wandel die Erwerbsgesellschaft verändert. Bonn: Bundeszentrale für politische Bildung, 2013; pp. 142–167.
The transformation of a notoriously rigid labor market into a role model of its own style is essentially completeThe EU’s largest economy, Germany, has managed to find an effective and unique combination of flexibility and rigidity in its labor market. Institutions that typically characterize rigid labor markets are effectively balanced by flexibility instruments. Important developments since 2000 include steadily decreasing unemployment rates (since 2005), increasing participation rates, and (since 2011) moderately increasing labor compensation. The German labor market has also been remarkably robust to the impacts of the Great Recession, thus providing a useful case study for other developed countries.MoreLess