Shoshana Neuman

  • Current position:
    Professor (Emeritus) of Economics, Department of Economics, Bar-Ilan University, Israel; and Head of the School of Economics, Academic College of Ashkelon, Israel
  • Positions/functions as policy advisor:
    Member, several committees of the Higher Education Council (Malag) to approve new tracks and programs in Israeli colleges; Member of several Steering Committees of the Israeli Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS); Director, Board of Directors, United Mizrahi Bank
  • Research interest:
    Economics of human resources, labor economics, economics of education, economics of the household, behavioral economics, health economics
  • Website:
  • Affiliations:
    Bar-Ilan University, Israel, and IZA, Germany
  • Past positions:
    Director, The Economics Research Institute, Bar-Ilan University; Chairperson, Department of Economics, Bar-Ilan University; Consultant—World Bank, Population and Human Resources Department
  • Qualifications:
    PhD Economics, Bar-Ilan University, 1983
  • Personal statement about IZA World of Labor:
    I am proud to be part of this unique IZA World of Labor project, that shares academic research with a broad audience of policymakers, practitioners, students, and other interested readers
  • Selected publications:
    • “Vocational education in Israel: Wage effects of VocEd, occupation and the VocEd-occupation match.” Journal of Human Resources 34:2 (1999): 407–420 (with A. Ziderman).
    • “Delays in renewal of labor contracts: Theory and evidence.” Journal of Labor Economics 23:2 (2005): 341–372 (with L. Danziger).
    • “Reference-dependent preferences and loss aversion—A discrete choice experiment in the health-care sector.” Judgment and Decision Making 3:2 (2008): 162–173 (with E. Neuman).
    • “The big carrot: High-stakes incentives revisited.” Behavioral Decision Making 23 (2010): 288–313 (with P. Branas-Garza and T. Garcia-Munoz).
    • “The evolution of secularization: Cultural transmission, religion and fertility—Theory, simulations and evidence.” Journal of Population Economics 26:3 (2013): 1129–1174 (with R. Bar-El, T. Garcia-Munoz, and Y. Tobol).
  • Articles

Are immigrants healthier than native residents?

Immigrants tend to be healthier than native residents when they arrive—an advantage that dissipates with time

December 2014

10.15185/izawol.108 108

by Shoshana Neuman Neuman, S

In common anti-immigrant rhetoric, concerns are raised that immigrants bring diseases with them to the host country that threaten the health of the resident population. In reality, extensive empirical research over several decades and across multiple regions and host countries has documented that when immigrants arrive in the host country they are healthier than native residents, a phenomenon termed the “healthy immigrant effect.” This initial advantage deteriorates with time spent in the host country, however, and immigrants’ health status converges toward (or below) that of native residents.