Centre for Studies in Social Sciences, India, and IZA, Germany
IZA World of Labor role
Associate Professor of Economics, Centre for Studies in Social Sciences, Calcutta, India
Labor economics, international economics, and development economics
Positions/functions as a policy advisor
Member State-level Expert Committee for DFID-JU Economics Project on Trade and Openness in India; Report and Advocacy for Development of the Religious Minority Concentrated Districts in India, Ministry of Minority Affairs, Government of India and ICSSR, New Delhi; Estimate and Policy Advice regarding Trade in Health Services in India, to the Directorate General of Commercial Intelligence and Statistics, Ministry of Commerce, Government of India
Guest Professor, Economics Department, Presidency University, Kolkata, India, 2014–2016; Visiting Scholar at Amsterdam School of Economics and Department of Economics, University of Amsterdam, the Netherlands, 2010; Alexander von Humboldt Research Fellow, HWWI, Germany, 2008; Visiting Researcher, Santa Fe Institute, NM, USA
PhD Economics, Northern Illinois University, 2002
International Trade and Economic Development. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014 (with R. Acharyya).
The Outsiders: Economic Reform and Informal Labour in a Developing Economy. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011 (with S. Marjit).
“FDI and business internationalization of the unorganized sector: Evidence from Indian manufacturing.” World Development 83 (2016): 340–349 (with H. Beladi and M. Dutta).
“Public and private sector jobs, unreported income and consumption gap in India: Evidence from micro-data.” The North American Journal of Economics and Finance 29:C (2014): 285–300 (with S. Saha and P. Roy).
“Emigration and wage inequality.” Economics Letters 88:1 (2005): 141–145 (with S. Marjit).
Productivity growth and low unemployment have not been matched by comparable rises in wagesThe Indian economy entered an ongoing process of trade liberalization, domestic deregulation, and privatization of public sector units in 1991. Since then, per capita output has increased significantly, while the overall unemployment rate has remained low. However, labor force participation rates have fallen sharply, especially for women. In addition, youth unemployment remains stubbornly high, an overwhelming proportion of the labor force continues to work in the informal sector, and there is little evidence of a sustained rise in wages for either unskilled rural or factory workers.MoreLess
The evidence is mixed on whether and how economic reforms benefit informal laborSaibal Kar, June 2016The evidence is mixed on whether informal labor in developing countries benefits from trade and labor market reforms. Reforms lead to higher wages and improved employment conditions in the informal sector in some cases, and to the opposite effect in others. At a cross-country level, lifting trade protection boosts informal-sector employment. The direction and size of the impacts on informal-sector employment and wages are determined by capital mobility and the interactions between trade and labor market reforms and public policies, such as monitoring the formal sector. To guarantee best practice policymakers need to take these interdependencies into account.MoreLess