Institute for Structural Research (IBS), Poland, and IZA, Germany
IZA World of Labor role
President of the Board, Institute for Structural Research, Warsaw
Labor market institutions, minimum wages, pension economics, temporary contracts, technology, climate and energy policy
Positions/functions as a policy advisor
Chief Economist, Institute for Structural Research, Warsaw, 2006–2013
MA Economics, Warsaw School of Economics, 2004
“Input vs. output taxation—A DSGE approach to modelling resource decoupling.” Sustainability 8:352 (2016) (with M. Antosiewicz and J. Witajewski-Baltvilks).
Minimum Wage Violation in Central and Eastern Europe. IZA Discussion Papers No. 10098 (2016) (with K. Goraus-Tanska).
“Do entrants take it all? The evolution of task content of jobs in Poland.” Ekonomia 47 (2016): 23−50 (with W. Hardy and R. Keister).
“Poland.” In: Razzu, G. (ed.) Gender Inequality in the Eastern European Labour Market: Twenty-five Years of Transition since the Fall of Communism. Routledge, 2017 (with J. Baran, R. Keister and I. Magda).
“Shocks and rigidities as determinants of CEE labour markets’ performance.” The Economics of Transition 21:3 (2013) 553-581 (with M. Bukowski and G. Koloch).
Employment has been rising, but disadvantaged groups and low participation of older people pose challengesIn the early 2000s, Poland's unemployment rate reached 20%. That is now a distant memory, as employment has increased noticeably and the unemployment rate had dropped to 3.4% in 2021. The labor force participation of older workers increased following reforms aimed at prolonging careers. However, participation remains low compared to most developed countries and the reversal of the statutory retirement age in 2017 leaves Poland vulnerable to the effects of population aging. Rising immigration has eased the resulting labor shortages, but women, people with disabilities, and agricultural workers remain underemployed. During the Covid-19 pandemic the slowdown in economic growth and increase in unemployment were small.MoreLess
Restructuring and upskilling prevents job polarization but may leave countries vulnerable to routine-biased technical changePiotr Lewandowski, April 2017Job polarization can pose serious problems for emerging economies that rely on worker reallocation from low-skilled to middle-skilled jobs to converge toward advanced economies. Evidence from Central and Eastern European (CEE) countries shows that structural change and education expansion can prevent polarization, as they enable a shift from manual to cognitive work and prevent the “hollowing out” of middle-skilled jobs. However, in CEE countries they have also led to a high routine cognitive content of jobs, which makes such jobs susceptible to automation and computerization in the future.MoreLess