Institute for Structural Research (IBS), Poland, and IZA, Germany
IZA World of Labor role
President of the Board, Institute for Structural Research, Warsaw
Labor market institutions, minimum wages, pension economics, temporary contracts, technology, climate and energy policy
Positions/functions as a policy advisor
Chief Economist, Institute for Structural Research, Warsaw, 2006–2013
MA Economics, Warsaw School of Economics, 2004
“Input vs. output taxation—A DSGE approach to modelling resource decoupling.” Sustainability 8:352 (2016) (with M. Antosiewicz and J. Witajewski-Baltvilks).
Minimum Wage Violation in Central and Eastern Europe. IZA Discussion Papers No. 10098 (2016) (with K. Goraus-Tanska).
“Do entrants take it all? The evolution of task content of jobs in Poland.” Ekonomia 47 (2016): 23−50 (with W. Hardy and R. Keister).
“Poland.” In: Razzu, G. (ed.) Gender Inequality in the Eastern European Labour Market: Twenty-five Years of Transition since the Fall of Communism. Routledge, 2017 (with J. Baran, R. Keister and I. Magda).
“Shocks and rigidities as determinants of CEE labour markets’ performance.” The Economics of Transition 21:3 (2013) 553-581 (with M. Bukowski and G. Koloch).
Employment has been rising, but low participation of older people and a large share of temporary jobs pose challengesIn the early 2000s, Poland’s unemployment rate reached 20%. That is now a distant memory, as employment has increased noticeably and the unemployment rate has dropped to 5%. However, most of the net job creation has consisted of temporary jobs. Labor market segmentation has become an issue and an important factor behind wage inequality. Labor force participation of older workers increased after reforms aimed at prolonging careers, but the recent reversal of the statutory retirement age leaves Poland vulnerable to the effects of population aging.MoreLess
Restructuring and upskilling prevents job polarization but may leave countries vulnerable to routine-biased technical changePiotr Lewandowski, April 2017Job polarization can pose serious problems for emerging economies that rely on worker reallocation from low-skilled to middle-skilled jobs to converge toward advanced economies. Evidence from Central and Eastern European (CEE) countries shows that structural change and education expansion can prevent polarization, as they enable a shift from manual to cognitive work and prevent the “hollowing out” of middle-skilled jobs. However, in CEE countries they have also led to a high routine cognitive content of jobs, which makes such jobs susceptible to automation and computerization in the future.MoreLess