University of North Florida, USA, and IZA, Germany
IZA World of Labor role
Professor of Economics, University of North Florida, USA
Labor economics, economic demography, economics of the family, immigration
Positions/functions as a policy advisor
Expert on the economics of immigration for the Joint Economic Committee of the US Congress and the US Congressional Budget Office
Professor of Economics, Agnes Scott College, USA; Associate Professor of Economics, Occidental College, USA; Research Economist and Associate Policy Advisor, Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, USA
PhD Economics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, USA, 1996
“US immigration from Latin America in historical perspective.” Journal of Economic Perspectives 37 (2023): 199–222 (with G. Hanson and P. Orrenius).
“Immigration, working conditions, and compensating differentials.” ILR Review 75 (2022): 1054–1081 (with C. Sparber).
“Put on ICE? Effects of immigration raids in the animal slaughtering and processing industry.” AEA Papers and Proceedings 112 (2022): 386–390 (with P. Orrenius).
Beside the Golden Door: US Immigration Reform in a New Era of Globalization. Washington, DC: American Enterprise Institute Press, 2010 (with P. Orrenius).
Selling the right to immigrate to the highest bidders would allocate visas efficiently but might raise ethical concernsMadeline Zavodny, March 2023Many immigrant destination countries face considerable pressure to change their immigration policies. One of the most innovative policies is auctioning the right to immigrate or to hire a foreign worker to the highest bidders. Visa auctions would be more efficient than current ways of allocating visas, could boost the economic contribution of immigration to the destination country, and would increase government revenues. However, visa auctions might weaken the importance of family ties in the migration process and create concerns about fairness and accessibility. No country has yet auctioned visas, although several have considered doing so.MoreLess
There is no evidence that increases in the minimum wage have hurt immigrantsMadeline Zavodny, December 2014According to economic theory, a minimum wage reduces the number of low-wage jobs and increases the number of available workers, allowing greater hiring selectivity. More competition for a smaller number of low-wage jobs will disadvantage immigrants if employers perceive them as less skilled than native-born workers—and vice versa. Studies indicate that a higher minimum wage does not hurt immigrants, but there is no consensus on whether immigrants benefit at the expense of natives. Studies also reach disparate conclusions on whether higher minimum wages attract or repel immigrants.MoreLess