Centro de Investigacion y Accion Social (CIAS), Argentina, and IZA, Germany
IZA World of Labor role
Director of Research, Centro de Investigacion y Accion Social (CIAS), and Professor of Economics, University of Buenos Aires, Argentina
Compliance, enforcement, informal labor, labor law, low-wage labor markets
Positions/functions as a policy advisor
Consultant to Argentine Ministry of Labor, the Inter-American Development Bank, the International Labour Organization, the United Nations Development Programme, and the World Bank
PhD Public Policy, University of California, Berkeley, 2007
"Enforcement matters: The effective regulation of labor." International Labor Review 157:3 (2018): 331–356 (with R. Kanbur).
"U.S. free trade agreements and enforcement of labor law in Latin America." Industrial Relations 57:1 (2018): 35–56 (with S. Dewan).
The Impact of Labor Inspections and Labor Sanctions on Registered Employment. Empirical Evidence for Argentina Using Administrative Data. International Labour Organization Working Paper Series No. 24, 2018 (with M. Ohaco).
"Labor inspections in the developing world: Stylized facts from the enterprise survey." Industrial Relations: A Journal of Economy and Society 55:3 (2016): 468–489 (with R. Almeida).
"Labor exclusion and the erosion of citizenship responsibilities.” World Development: 74 (205): 453—461 (with S. J. Rodrigo Zarazaga).
Enforcement of labor regulations in developing countries
Enforcement improves legal compliance, but its impact on welfare is country specific and unclearLucas Ronconi, March 2019More than half of private sector employees in the developing world do not receive legally mandated labor benefits. These regulations have typically been enacted by democratically elected governments, and are valued by both formal and informal workers. Increasing public enforcement (e.g. inspections, fines, and workers’ access to the judiciary) can be a powerful tool to reduce violations (e.g. increase the number of employees earning above the minimum wage). Which factors determine enforcement, and whether enforcement produces more social benefits than costs, are, however, unanswered questions.MoreLess