University of Sussex and CEPR, UK, the Global Development Network (GDN), India, and IZA, Germany
IZA World of Labor role
Author, Topic spokesperson
Professor of Economics, University of Sussex, and CEO of the Migrating Out of Poverty Research Programme Consortium, UK
Trade, migration, and development
Positions/functions as a policy advisor
Director, Development Research Group, The World Bank (2004–2007); Chief Economist, Department for International Development, (DfID) London, UK (2008–2011)
Professor of Economics, University of Sussex, UK (1999–); Birmingham (1990–1994); Bangor (1986–1990)
PhD, University of Cambridge, 1978
“Seperability and the specification of foreign trade functions.” Journal of International Economics 17 (1984): 239–263.
“How regional blocs affect excluded countries: The price effects of MERCOSUR.” American Economic Review 92:4 (2002): 889–904.
“Trade liberalisation and economic performance: An overview.” Economic Journal 114:493 (2004): F4–F21.
“Trade liberalisation and poverty: The evidence so far.” Journal of Economic Literature XLII (2004): 72–115 (with A. McKay and N. McCulloch).
Regional Integration and Development. Oxford University Press for World Bank, 2003 (with M. Schiff). Translated into French, Spanish, Chinese, and Arabic.
Trade policy is not an employment policy and should not be expected to have major effects on overall employmentL. Alan Winters, September 2014Trade regulation can create jobs in the sectors it protects or promotes, but almost always at the expense of destroying a roughly equivalent number elsewhere in the economy. At a product-specific or micro level and in the short term, controlling trade could reduce the offending imports and save jobs, but for the economy as a whole and in the long term, this position has neither theoretical support nor empirical evidence in its favor. Given that protection may have other—usually adverse—effects, understanding the difficulties in using it to manage employment is important for economic policy.MoreLess