World Bank, USA, and IZA, Germany
IZA World of Labor role
Lead Economist in the Development Research Group (Human Development Team), World Bank, USA
The movement of labor from agricultural to non-agricultural employment, internal migration and its impacts on households and communities, poverty traps, household risk-coping and risk-management behavior, long-term effects of shocks to employment, school-to-work transitions, population aging and retirement decisions in developing countries, and women's labor supply decisions in developing countries
Senior Labor Economist, Development Economics Research Group, Human Development and Public Services, The World Bank (May 2007–February 2016); Associate Professor (on leave, with tenure), Department of Economics, Michigan State University (June 2007–May 2010); Academy Scholar, Harvard Academy, Weatherhead Center for International Affairs, Harvard University (September 2001–August 2003)
PhD in Economics, University of California at Berkeley, 1999
“The great proletarian cultural revolution, disruptions to education, and returns to schooling in urban China.” Economic Development and Cultural Change (2017) (with A. Park and M. Wang).
“Village political economy, land tenure insecurity and rural to urban migration: Evidence from China.” American Journal of Agricultural Economics (2017) (with R. Mu).
“Migrant labor markets and the welfare of rural households in the developing world: Evidence from China.” World Bank Economic Review (2017) (with A. de Brauw).
“Migrant opportunity and the educational attainment of youth in rural China.” Journal of Human Resources 52:1 (2017): 274–313 (with A. de Brauw).
“Did higher inequality impede growth in rural China?” Economic Journal 121:557 (2011): 1281–1309 (with D. Benjamin and L. Brandt).
Migration and human capital accumulation in China
Migration may generate detrimental long-term impacts by widening the urban–rural educational gapJohn GilesYang Huang, May 2020The difference in educational attainment between China's urban- and rural-born populations has widened in recent years, and the relatively low educational attainment of the rural-born is a significant obstacle to raising labor productivity. Rural-to-urban migration does not create incentives to enroll in higher education as the availability of low-skill employment in urban areas makes remaining in school less attractive. In addition, the child-fostering and urban schooling arrangements for children of migrants further inhibit human capital accumulation.MoreLess