University of Southampton, UK, and IZA, Germany
IZA World of Labor role
Professor of Economics, University of Southampton
Labor economics, development economics
Positions/functions as a policy advisor
Member of the UK Migration Advisory Committee
Associate Professor in Economics, University of Southampton, 2006–2012
PhD Economics, University of Southampton, 1994
“Do high-income or low-income immigrants leave faster?” Journal of Development Economics 108 (2014): 54–68 (with G. Bijwaard).
“The impact of labor market dynamics on the return-migration of immigrants.” The Review of Economics and Statistics 96:3 (2014): 483–494 (with G. Bijwaard and C. Schluter).
“Density, social networks and job search methods: Theory and application to Egypt.” Journal of Development Economics 78:2 (2005): 443–473 (with Y. Zenou).
“Overseas work experience, savings and entrepreneurship amongst return migrants to LDCs.” The Scottish Journal of Political Economy 48:2 (2001): 164–178 (with B. McCormick).
“Overseas employment and remittances to a dual economy.” The Economic Journal 110:463 (2000): 509–534 (with B. McCormick).
Despite returnees being a potential resource, not all low- and middle-income countries benefit from their returnJackline Wahba, December 2021Return migration can have multiple benefits. It allows migrants who have accumulated savings abroad to ease credit constraints at home and set up a business. Also, emigrants from low- and middle-income countries who have invested in their human capital may earn higher wages when they return. However, whether the home country benefits from return migrants depends on the migrant's success in accumulating savings and human capital and on the home country's ability to make use of returnees’ skills and investment. To benefit from returnees, home countries need policies that encourage returnees’ investment and labor market reintegration.MoreLess