Royal Holloway University of London, UK
IZA World of Labor role
Senior Lecturer, Royal Holloway University of London, UK
Labor economics, economics of education, applied econometrics
Positions/functions as a policy advisor
Junior Analyst at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Latvia, EU Integration Division
PhD Economics, Northwestern University, 2010
"Employment adjustment and labor utilization." International Economic Review 58:3 (2017): 998–922.
"Family background and schooling outcomes before and during the transition: Evidence from the Baltic countries." Journal of Popular Economics 21 (2008): 719–749 (With M. Hazans and O. Rastrigina).
"Part-time employment and underemployment in the Latvian labour market." Baltic Journal of Economics (2003) (with J. Popova and O. Rastrigina).
Measuring income inequality
Summary measures of inequality differ from one another and give different pictures of the evolution of economic inequality over timeIja Trapeznikova, July 2019Economists use various metrics for measuring income inequality. Here, the most commonly used measures—the Lorenz curve, the Gini coefficient, decile ratios, the Palma ratio, and the Theil index—are discussed in relation to their benefits and limitations. Equally important is the choice of what to measure: pre-tax and after-tax income, consumption, and wealth are useful indicators; and different sources of income such as wages, capital gains, taxes, and benefits can be examined. Understanding the dimensions of economic inequality is a key first step toward choosing the right policies to address it.MoreLess