University of Ottawa, Canada
IZA World of Labor role
Professor of Economics, University of Ottawa, Canada
Labor economics, human capital, immigration, language, demographic changes
Positions/functions as a policy advisor
Consultant for the Ministry of Immigration, Diversity and Integration of Quebec, 2014
PhD Economics, Princeton University, 1982
“Quebec’s language policy and economic globalization.” Language Problems and Language Planning 43:2 (2019): 179–197.
“Human capital quality and the immigrant wage gap.” IZA Journal of Migration 3:14 (2014) (with S. Coulombe and S. Nadeau).
“How can language be linked to economics: A survey of two strands of research.” Language Problems and Language Planning 1:3 (2013): 203–226 (with W. Zhang).
“Canadian immigrants’ access to a first job in their intended occupation.” Journal of International Migration and Integration 12:3 (2011): 275–303 (with L. Xue).
“The changing labour market position of Canadian immigrants.” Canadian Journal of Economics 28:4b (1995): 987−1005 (with D. E. Bloom and M. Gunderson).
The value of language skills Updated
A common language facilitates communication and economic efficiency, but linguistic diversity has economic and cultural value tooIn today's globalized world, people are increasingly mobile and often need to communicate across different languages. Learning a new language is an investment in human capital. Migrants must learn the language of their destination country, but even non-migrants must often learn other languages if their work involves communicating with foreigners. Economic studies have shown that fluency in a dominant language is important to economic success and increases economic efficiency. However, maintaining linguistic diversity also has value since language is also an expression of people's culture.MoreLess