University of Campania "Luigi Vanvitelli," Italy, and IZA, Germany
IZA World of Labor role
Labor and education, development, transition economics
Positions/functions as a policy advisor
Consultant for several international organizations, including the International Labour Organization, Lombardy Regional government, Unesco, and the World Bank
Associate Professor of Economics, Department of Economics, University of Campania "Luigi Vanvitelli," Italy (2015–2022); Assistant Professor of Economics, Seconda Università di Napoli, 2001–2015; Research Fellow, University of Naples “Federico II,” 2000–2001
PhD in Economics, University of Sussex, 2001
The Youth Experience Gap: Explaining National Differences in the School-to-Work Transition. Heidelberg: Springer International Publishing AG, 2015.
"Why so slow? The school-to-work transition in Italy." Studies in Higher Education (Forthcoming).
"Overeducation at a glance: Determinants and wage effects of the educational mismatch, looking at the AlmaLaurea Data." Social Indicators Research 137:3 (2018): 999–1032 (with F. E. Caroleo).
“Getting it right: Youth employment policy within the EU.” Cesifo Forum 18:2 (2017): 19–25.
“The European youth guarantee: Labor market context, conditions and opportunities in Italy.” IZA Journal of European Labor Studies 4:11 (2015).
Covid-19 and the youth-to-adult unemployment gap
Is the youth labor market bearing the brunt of the pandemic?Francesco Pastore, January 2023The Covid-19 pandemic has produced unprecedented negative effects on the global economy, affecting both the demand and supply side. Its consequences in terms of job losses have been important in many European countries. A large number of firms have been forced to dismiss at least part of their workforce or to close down all together. Considering that young people are usually penalized more than their adult counterparts during economic crises due to the so-called “last-in-first-out” principle, it is worthwhile to evaluate if the youth will also end up paying the highest price during this pandemic-induced recession.MoreLess
- Program evaluation
- Labor markets and institutions
- Education and human capital
- Demography, family, and gender
Why is youth unemployment so high and different across countries?
Young people experience worse labor market outcomes than adults worldwide but the difference varies greatly internationallyFrancesco Pastore, January 2018In Germany, young people are no worse off than adults in the labor market, while in southern and eastern European countries, they fare three to four times worse. In Anglo-Saxon countries, both youth and adults fare better than elsewhere, but their unemployment rates fluctuate more over the business cycle. The arrangements developed in each country to help young people gain work experience explain the striking differences in their outcomes. A better understanding of what drives these differences in labor market performance of young workers is essential for policies to be effective.MoreLess