World Bank, USA
IZA World of Labor role
Lead Economist, Jobs Group, World Bank Group, USA
Labor economics, productivity, trade, worker welfare
Positions/functions as a policy advisor
Lead Economist at the World Bank
PhD Economics, University of Maryland, 1999
Reducing the Costs and Enhancing the Benefits of Formality: From the Firm's Perspective. World Bank Jobs Working Paper Series No. 8, 2017 (with A. Kuddo and M. Weber).
Expanding Social Insurance Coverage to Informal Workers. World Bank Jobs Working Paper Series No. 6, 2017 (with H. Winkler and H. Mote).
Sticky Feet: How Labor Market Frictions Shape the Impact of International Trade on Jobs and Wages, Directions in Development: Trade. Washington, DC: World Bank, 2014 (with C. Hollweg, D. Lederman, and D. Rojas).
"The impact of Israeli border policy on the Palestinian labor market." Economic Development and Cultural Change 51:3 (2003).
"The Algerian retrenchment system: A financial and economic evaluation." World Bank Economic Review 13:1 (1999).
Defining informality vs mitigating its negative effects
More important than defining and measuring informality is focusing on reducing its detrimental consequencesElizabeth Ruppert Bulmer, August 2018There are more informal workers than formal workers across the globe, and yet there remains confusion as to what makes workers or firms informal and how to measure the extent of it. Informal work and informal economic activities imply large efficiency and welfare losses, in terms of low productivity, low earnings, sub-standard working conditions, and lack of social insurance coverage. Rather than quibbling over definitions and measures of informality, it is crucial for policymakers to address these correlates of informality in order to mitigate the negative efficiency and welfare effects.MoreLess