Elizabeth Ruppert Bulmer

World Bank, USA

IZA World of Labor is a really useful tool for development practitioners to keep up with both recent and older seminal economic research on issues relating to employment and labor markets. Its concise format provides an accessible entry point to dig deeper into the economic literature and academic debates on a wide spectrum of topics linked to labor outcomes and policies. I hope more and more researchers and policymakers can benefit from what IZA World of Labor has to offer

IZA World of Labor role


Current position

Lead Economist, Jobs Group, World Bank Group, USA

Research interest

Labor economics, productivity, trade, worker welfare

Positions/functions as a policy advisor

Lead Economist at the World Bank


PhD Economics, University of Maryland, 1999

Selected publications

  • Reducing the Costs and Enhancing the Benefits of Formality: From the Firm's Perspective. World Bank Jobs Working Paper Series No. 8, 2017 (with A. Kuddo and M. Weber).

  • Expanding Social Insurance Coverage to Informal Workers. World Bank Jobs Working Paper Series No. 6, 2017 (with H. Winkler and H. Mote).

  • Sticky Feet: How Labor Market Frictions Shape the Impact of International Trade on Jobs and Wages, Directions in Development: Trade. Washington, DC: World Bank, 2014 (with C. Hollweg, D. Lederman, and D. Rojas).

  • "The impact of Israeli border policy on the Palestinian labor market." Economic Development and Cultural Change 51:3 (2003).

  • "The Algerian retrenchment system: A financial and economic evaluation." World Bank Economic Review 13:1 (1999).