Yokohama National University, Japan, and IZA, Germany
IZA World of Labor role
Associate Professor of Economics, Yokohama National University, Japan
Labor economics and public economics
Associate Professor at Hosei University, Assistant Professor at Osaka University
PhD Economics, Columbia University, 2009
“Differential effects of graduating during a recession across gender and race.” IZA Journal of Labor Economics 4 (2015): 23.
“Effects of universal health insurance on health care utilization, supply-side responses and mortality rates: Evidence from Japan.” Journal of Public Economics 99 (2013): 1–23 (with H. Shigeoka).
“Long-term effects of labor market conditions on family formation for Japanese youth.” Journal of the Japanese and International Economies 26:1 (2012): 1–21 (with Y. Hashimoto).
“Gender specific labor market conditions and family formation.” Journal of Population Economics 25:1 (2011): 151–174.
“Long-term effects of a recession at labor market entry in Japan and the United States.” Journal of Human Resources 45:1 (2010): 157–196 (with Y. Genda and S. Ohta).
The effects of recessions on family formation
Fertility and marriage rates are pro-cyclical in many countries, but the longer-term consequences are inconclusiveAyako Kondo, March 2016Low fertility rates are a cause of social concern in many developed countries, with growing youth unemployment often being considered a primary cause. However, economic theory is not conclusive about whether deterioration in youth employment prospects actually discourages family formation or for how long the effect might persist. In addition, recessions can affect the divorce rate. Therefore, understanding the relationship between labor market conditions and family formation can provide important insights into the type of policies that would be most effective in promoting fertility.MoreLess