Public Policy Institute of California, USA, and IZA, Germany
IZA World of Labor role
Author, Topic spokesperson
Immigrant entrepreneurship, Minority entrepreneurship, Illegal immigration, Economics of crime, Incarceration, Public policy in California
English - Native speaker, Swedish - Native speaker
Print, Digital, Television, Radio
Senior Fellow, January 2008–present, Public Policy Institute of California (PPIC), San Francisco, CA, USA
Positions/functions as a policy advisor
California State Controller’s Board of Economic Advisors, USA
Assistant Professor of Economics, August 2002–2007, School of Economic, Political and Policy Sciences, University of Texas at Dallas, USA
PhD Economics, University of California, San Diego, 1999
“Did the 2007 Legal Arizona Workers Act reduce the state’s unauthorized immigrant population?” Review of Economics and Statistics 96:2 (2014): 258–269 (with S. Bohn and S. Raphael).
“Why are some people more likely to become small-businesses owners than others: Entrepreneurship entry and industry-specific barriers.” Journal of Business Venturing 29:2 (2014): 232–251 (with T. Bates and S. Parker).
“Does self-employment increase the economic well-being of low-skilled workers?” Small Business Economics 40:4 (2013): 933–952.
“Immigrant assimilation and welfare participation: Do immigrants assimilate into or out-of welfare?” Journal of Human Resources 38:1 (2003): 74–98 (with J. Hansen).
“Labor market assimilation and the self-employment decision of immigrant entrepreneurs.” Journal of Population Economics 15:1 (2002): 83–114.
Immigrants and entrepreneurship Updated
Business ownership is higher among immigrants, but promoting self-employment is unlikely to improve outcomes for the less skilledImmigrants are widely perceived to be highly entrepreneurial, contributing to economic growth and innovation, and self-employment is often viewed as a means of enhancing labor market integration and success among immigrants. Accordingly, many countries have established special visas and entry requirements to attract immigrant entrepreneurs. Research supports some of these stances, but expectations may be too high. There is no strong evidence that self-employment is an effective tool of upward economic mobility among low-skilled immigrants. More broadly prioritizing high-skilled immigrants may prove to be more successful than focusing on entrepreneurship.MoreLess