Authors

Martin Biewen

  • Current position:
    Professor of Statistics, Econometrics and Quantitative Methods, University of Tübingen, Germany
  • Research interest:
    Income distribution, labor economics, education economics
  • Website:
    http://bit.ly/Biewen_Tuebingenpage
  • Affiliations:
    University of Tübingen, and IZA, Germany
  • Past positions:
    Professor of Statistics, University of Mainz, Germany, 2006–2009
  • Qualifications:
    Habilitation, Economics and Econometrics, University of Mannheim, Germany, 2005
  • Selected publications:
    • “The effectiveness of public sponsored training revisited: The importance of data and methodological choices.” Journal of Labor Economics 32 (2014): 837–897 (with B. Fitzenberger, A. Osikominu, and M. Waller).
    • “Understanding rising inequality in Germany, 1999/2000–2005/06.” Review of Income and Wealth 58 (2012): 62–647 (with A. Juhasz).
    • “Measuring state dependence in individual poverty histories when there is feedback to employment status and household composition.” Journal of Applied Econometrics 24 (2009): 1095–1116.
    • “Bootstrap inference for inequality, mobility and poverty measurement.” Journal of Econometrics 108 (2002): 317–342.
    • “Measuring the effects of socio-economic variables on the income distribution: An application to the East German transition process.” Review of Economics and Statistics 83 (2001): 185–190.
  • Articles

Poverty persistence and poverty dynamics

Snapshots of who is poor in one period provide an incomplete picture of poverty

November 2014

10.15185/izawol.103 103

by Martin Biewen Biewen, M

A considerable part of the poverty that is measured in a single period is transitory rather than persistent. In most countries, only a portion of people who are currently poor are persistently poor. People who are persistently poor or who cycle into and out of poverty should be the main focus of anti-poverty policies. Understanding the characteristics of the persistently poor, and the circumstances and mechanisms associated with entry into and exit from poverty, can help to inform governments about options to reduce persistent poverty. Differences in poverty persistence across countries can shed additional light on possible sources of poverty persistence.