Jungho Kim

  • Current position:
    Associate Professor, Ajou University, Republic of Korea
  • Positions/functions as policy advisor:
    Member of National Childcare Policy Committee under Ministry of Health and Welfare in Korea; Member of National Early Childhood Education Committee under Ministry of Education in Korea
  • Research interest:
    Labor and demographic economics, economic development, applied econometrics
  • Website:
  • Affiliations:
    Ajou University, Republic of Korea, and IZA, Germany
  • Past positions:
    Associate Research Fellow, Korea Development Institute, 2006–2010
  • Qualifications:
    PhD Economics, Brown University, 2005
  • Personal statement about IZA World of Labor:
    I fully agree that both policymakers and academics can win by understanding each other. It is my honor to be a part of an initiative to achieve just this
  • Selected publications:
    • “Employment effects of low-skilled immigrants in Korea.” Journal of Economic Development 39:2 (2014): 25-49.
    • “Women’s education and fertility: An analysis on the relationship between education and birth spacing in Indonesia.” Economic Development and Cultural Change 58:4 (2010): 739–774.
    • “External shocks, household consumption and fertility in Indonesia.” Population Research and Policy Review 29:4 (2010): 503–526 (with A. Prskawetz).
    • “Does fertility decrease household consumption?: An analysis of poverty dynamics and fertility in Indonesia.” Demographic Research 20 (2009): 623–656 (with H. Engelhardt, A. Prskawetz, and A. Aassve).
    • “Poverty and fertility in developing countries: A comparative analysis for Albania, Ethiopia, Indonesia and Vietnam.” Population Review 45:2 (2006): 1–23 (with A. Aassve, H. Engelhardt, F. Francavilla, A. Kedir, F. Mealli, L. Mencarini, S. Pudney, and A. Prskawetz).
  • Articles

Female education and its impact on fertility

The relationship is more complex than one may think

February 2016

10.15185/izawol.228 228

by Jungho Kim Kim, J

The negative correlation between women’s education and fertility is strongly observed across regions and time; however, its interpretation is unclear. Women’s education level could affect fertility through its impact on women’s health and their physical capacity to give birth, children’s health, the number of children desired, and women’s ability to control birth and knowledge of different birth control methods. Each of these mechanisms depends on the individual, institutional, and country circumstances experienced. Their relative importance may change along a country’s economic development process.