Astrid Kunze

  • Current position:
    Associate Professor, Department of Economics, Norwegian School of Economics, Bergen, Norway
  • Positions/functions as policy advisor:
    Norwegian Expert in Norges Grant Project 2014–2016: Norwegian partner/expert in project “Lifetime economic impacts of maternity,” Norwegian-Czech cooperation with Gender Studies (Prague), project supported by the Open Society Fund Prague, from the program Let’s Give (Wo)men a Chance, financed by Norges Grant; Report to the Swedish Government 2014: Editor of the anthology ”Wages, compensation and career” (with K. Thorburn) for the Delegation for Gender Equality; Expert in the Forum “Equality and personal management” (Gleichstellungsorientiertes Personalmanagement) invited by Board of Advisors for the second Equality Report to the German Government (Sachverständigenkommission des Zweiten Gleichstellungsberichts der Bundesregierung), April 2016
  • Research interest:
    Labor economics, applied micro-econometrics, public economics
  • Website:
  • Affiliations:
    Norwegian School of Economics, Norway, and IZA, Germany
  • Past positions:
    One year visiting research professor at IZA, Germany; Associate Professor, Norwegian School of Economics, Norway
  • Qualifications:
    PhD Economics, University College London, 2000
  • Personal statement about IZA World of Labor:
    I am excited to be part of this innovative project. I hope that policymakers, academics, and students will find World of Labor articles useful to quickly learn about the key findings on key policy areas
  • Selected publications:
    • “Gender differences in job search among young workers: A study using displaced workers in the United States.” Southern Economic Journal 82:1 (2015): 185–207 (with K. R. Troske).
    • “The family gap in career progression.” Research in Labor Economics 41 (2015): 115–142.
    • “Work and wage dynamics around childbirth.” The Scandinavian Journal of Economics 115:3 (2013): 856–877 (with M. Ejrnæs).
    • “Life-cycle patterns in male/female differences in job search.” Labour Economics 19:2 (2012): 176–185 (with K. R. Troske).
  • Articles

Parental leave and maternal labor supply

Parental leave increases the family–work balance, but may have negative impacts on mothers’ careers

July 2016

10.15185/izawol.279 279

by Astrid Kunze Kunze, A

Numerous studies have investigated whether the provision and generosity of parental leave affects the employment and career prospects of women. Parental leave systems typically provide either short unpaid leave mandated by the firm, as in the US, or more generous and universal leave mandated by the government, as in Canada and several European countries. Key economic policy questions include whether, at the macro level, female employment rates have increased due to parental leave policies; and, at the micro level, whether the probability of returning to work and career prospects have increased for mothers after childbirth.