Anna Lovász

  • Current position:
    Research Fellow, Institute of Economics, Centre for Economic and Regional Studies, Hungarian Academy of Sciences
  • Positions/functions as policy advisor:
    Participant, Women in Science Roundtable, Hungarian Academy of Sciences; Participant, Family Policy Roundtable, HÉTFA Policy Research Institute
  • Research interest:
    Applied microeconometrics, labor economics, gender, behavioral economics
  • Website:
  • Affiliations:
    Centre for Economic and Regional Studies of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Hungary
  • Past positions:
    Junior Researcher, IE HAS, 2008–2011; Research Assistant, Labor Project, Central European University, 2004–2008; Teaching Assistant, Department of Economics, University of Washington, 2004–2006
  • Qualifications:
    PhD Economics, University of Washington, 2008
  • Personal statement about IZA World of Labor:
    I am excited to have the opportunity to be a part this project, as it brings much needed practical relevance to the academic work that researchers carry out. The special format forces authors to synthesize the available evidence into a format that provides a useful overview of each topic
  • Selected publications:
    • “Are children driving the gender wage gap? Comparative evidence from Poland and Hungary.” Economics of Transition 24 (2015): 259–297 (with E. Cukrowska-Torzewska).
    • “Vintage effects, ageing, and productivity.” Labour Economics 22 (2013): 46–60 (with M. Rigó).
    • “Wage differential between the public and private sector in Hungary between 2002 and 2008: The long term effect of wage increase.” In: Fazekas, K., and L. Neumann (eds). The Hungarian Labor Market. Budapest: Hungarian Academy of Sciences, 2014 (with S. Altwicker-Hámori).
    • “Do women have better opportunities in the public sector? An analysis of the gender wage gap and occupational segregation in the public and private sectors.” In: Fazekas, K., and L. Neumann (eds). The Hungarian Labor Market. Budapest: Hungarian Academy of Sciences, 2014.
    • “Labour market discrimination.” In: Fazekas, K., and A. Scharle (eds). From Pensions to Public Work: Hungarian Employment Policy from 1990–2010. Budapest: National Public Employment Foundation and Budapest Institute, 2012; pp. 154–166.
  • Articles

Childcare expansion and mothers’ employment in post-socialist countries

A range of other policies and changes are needed for childcare expansion to increase mothers’ labor supply

December 2016

10.15185/izawol.319 319

by Anna Lovász Lovász, A

In 2002, the EU set targets for expanding childcare coverage, but most of the post-socialist countries are behind schedule. While childcare expansion places a heavy financial burden on governments, low participation in the labor force by mothers, especially those with children under the age of three, implies a high potential impact. However, the effectiveness of childcare expansion may be limited by some common characteristics of these countries: family policies that do not support women’s labor market re-entry, few flexible work opportunities, and cultural norms about family and gender roles shaped by the institutional and economic legacy of socialism.