Evidence-based policy making
IZA World of Labor is an online platform that provides policy analysts, journalists, academics and society generally with relevant and concise information on labor market issues. Based on the latest research, it provides current thinking on labor markets worldwide in a clear and accessible style. IZA World of Labor aims to support evidence-based policy making and increase awareness of labor market issues, including current concerns like the impact of Covid-19, and longer-term problems like inequality.
View our content on Covid-19—Pandemics and the labor market
Designing labor market regulations in developing countriesUpdated
Labor market regulation should aim to improve the functioning of the labor market while protecting workers
Governments regulate employment to protect workers and improve labor market efficiency. But, regulations, such as minimum wages and job security rules, can be controversial. Thus, decisions on setting employment regulations should be based on empirical evidence of their likely impacts. Research suggests that most countries set regulations in the appropriate range. But this is not always the case and it can be costly when countries over- or underregulate their labor markets. In developing countries, effective regulation also depends on enforcement and education policies that will increase compliance.
Unions and investment in intangible capital Updated
When workers and firms cannot commit to long-term contracts and capital investments are sunk, union power can reduce investmentGiovanni SulisGabriele Cardullo , May 2023Although coverage of collective bargaining agreements has been declining for decades in most countries, it is still extensive, especially in non-Anglo-Saxon countries. Strong unions may influence firms' incentives to invest in capital, particularly in sectors where capital investments are sunk (irreversible), as in research-intensive sectors. Whether unions affect firms' investment in capital depends on the structure and coordination of bargaining, the preference of unions between wages and employment, the quality of labor-management relations, the structure of corporate governance, and the existence of social pacts, among other factors.MoreLess
Eliminating discrimination in hiring isn’t enough
Firms interested in workplace diversity should consider the post-hiring stage and why some minority employees choose to leaveMackenzie Alston , May 2023While many firms have recognized the importance of recruiting and hiring diverse job applicants, they should also pay attention to the challenges newly hired diverse candidates may face after entering the company. It is possible that they are being assessed by unequal or unequitable standards compared to their colleagues, and they may not have sufficient access to opportunities and resources that would benefit them. These disparities could affect the career trajectory, performance, satisfaction, and retention of minority employees. Potential solutions include randomizing task assignments and creating inclusive networking and support opportunities.MoreLess
Maternity leave versus early childcare—What are the long-term consequences for children? Updated
Despite increasingly generous parental leave schemes their advantages over subsidized childcare remain unclearNabanita Datta GuptaJonas Jessen , May 2023There is growing agreement among parents in high-income countries that having a working mother does not harm a preschool child. Yet, research is ongoing on what the long-term effects on children are of being looked after at home (primarily by their mothers) or in childcare. Most studies find positive effects of childcare on child outcomes for children from disadvantaged backgrounds and moderate effects for children from more advantaged backgrounds. Policymakers need to improve compensation and the working environment for the sector if a high quality level is to be achieved and if the beneficial effects are to be maintained.MoreLess
Female education and its impact on fertility Updated
Additional female educational attainment generally lowers fertility, but the relationship is complexJungho Kim , May 2023The negative correlation between women's education and fertility has been observed across regions and time, although it is now weaker among high-income countries. Women's education level could affect fertility through its impact on women's health and their physical capacity to give birth, children's health, the number of children desired, and women's ability to control birth and knowledge of different birth control methods. Each of these mechanisms depends on the individual, institutional, and country circumstances experienced. Their relative importance may change along a country's economic development process.MoreLess
May 23, 2023
Poor suffer most from global disastersToday’s global news summary brings news affecting the world and the US, and discusses issues as diverse as climate change, AI, and immigration.
Apr 18, 2023
Hollywood writers may strike; China’s youth unemployment hits historic highToday’s global news summary brings news affecting the US, China, and India, and discusses issues as diverse as writers’ strikes, youth unemployment, and same-sex marriage.
Mar 28, 2023
Will ChatGPT take your job?; Most trans adults are happier after transitioningToday’s global news summary brings news affecting the globe, the US, and Germany, and discusses issues as diverse as AI, happiness, and strikes.
Mar 14, 2023
Honduran president legalizes morning-after pill; Students unable to cope with financial pressures face dropping outToday’s global news summary brings news affecting Honduras, the UK, and China, and discusses issues as diverse as contraception, student poverty, and falling birthrates.
Mar 07, 2023
Gender equality still 300 years away; Lack of affordable childcare is forcing UK women out of workToday’s global news summary brings news affecting the UK, France and the world, and discusses issues as diverse as women’s employment, gender equality, and pension reforms.
Feb 21, 2023
England’s RFU announces new maternity policy; Company in US fined for illegally employing childrenToday’s global news summary brings news affecting England, the US, and the UK, and discusses issues as diverse as maternity leave, child labor, and the four-day week.
Feb 14, 2023
Cyclone Gabrielle highlights NZ inaction on climate change; Tanzanian government bans popular children’s bookToday’s global news summary brings news affecting New Zealand, Tanzania, and the world, and discusses issues as diverse as climate change, LGBTQ rights, and women in AI.
Jun 29, 2023 - Jul 04, 2023
24th IZA Summer School in Labor Economics
The Summer School gives you an opportunity to learn from leading researchers about the latest advances in labor economics. In addition, the accompanying student presentations and mentoring sessions will provide a great platform for you to showcase your research and get valuable feedback.
Jul 05, 2023 - Jul 06, 2023
25th Anniversary IZA Conference in Labor Economics
The conference will feature keynotes by Ayşegül Şahin and Patrick Kline, as well as about 15 plenary presentations and a poster session. The conference will conclude with a panel discussion on the German labor market featuring leading policymakers and labor economists (Application deadline: March 15, 2023).
Sep 15, 2023 - Sep 16, 2023
Conference on Artificial Intelligence and the Economy
The conference covers a broad range of topics related to the economics of artificial intelligence. It will bring together recent contributions in this area of research, including both theoretical and empirical papers. Relevant subjects include, but are not limited to
IZA World of Labor panel discussion on health and the labor markets
IZA World of Labor discussion on the economics of sport
IZA World of Labor discussion on the economics of education
IZA World of Labor discussion on the economics of crime
IZA World of Labor discussion on higher education
IZA World of Labor discussion on the environment and the labor market
IZA World of Labor discussion on inflation and the labor market
IZA World of Labor panel on the macroeconomics of labor productivity
IZA World of Labor video on inequality and post transition in emerging economies
IZA World of Labor discussion on labor market evaluation
IZA World of Labor discussion on the economics of education
IZA World of Labor discussion on labor market institutions
Working from home during Covid and women’s job satisfaction
Do international tourist arrivals change residents’ attitudes toward immigration?
The child penalty for graduates
ChatGPT and IZA World of Labor
Does providing social services reduce the risk of repeated domestic abuse?
The direct and indirect effects of online job search advice