Sandrine Mesplé-Somps

  • Current position:
    Research Fellow, Institut de Recherche pour le Développement (IRD), France
  • Positions/functions as policy advisor:
    Consultant to the AFD, France; Consultant to the World Bank; Consultant to the OECD.
  • Research interest:
    Impact of migration on origin countries, social and political norms, urbanization in Africa, public policy impact evaluation, economic history of Africa, development economics
  • Website:
  • Affiliations:
    Institut de Recherche pour le Développement (IRD), and UMR DIAL IRD–Paris Dauphine, France
  • Qualifications:
    PhD Development Economics, University of Paris I Panthéon-Sorbonne, 1995
  • Personal statement about IZA World of Labor:
    I’m glad to be part of this innovative project. I hope that World of Labor will help policymakers and academics to learn about migration and female genital mutilation, both very complex phenomena
  • Selected publications:
    • “Do migrants adopt new political attitudes from abroad? Evidence using a multi-sited exit-poll survey during the 2013 Malian elections.” Comparative Migration Studies (Forthcoming) (with L. Chauvet and F. Gubert).
    • “Migrants' home town associations and local development in Mali.” The Scandinavian Journal of Economics 117:2 (2015): 686–722 (with L. Chauvet, F. Guvert, and M. Mercier).
    • “The impact of natural disasters on education outcomes: Evidence from the 1987-89 locust plague in Mali.” Journal of African Economies 24:1 (2015): 57–100 (with P. De Vreyer and N. Guilbert).
    • “Development at the border: Policies and national integration in Côte d’Ivoire and its neighbors.” World Bank Economic Review 29:1 (2015): 41–71 (with D. Cogneau and G. Spielvogel).
    • “Aid, remittances, medical brain drain and child mortality evidence using inter and intra-country data.” Journal of Development Studies 49:6 (2013): 801–818.
  • Articles

Migration and female genital mutilation

Can migrants help change the social norm?

August 2016

10.15185/izawol.282 282

by Sandrine Mesplé-Somps Mesplé-Somps, S

More than 100 million women and girls in the world have had their genitals cut for cultural, religious, or other non-medical reasons. Even though international organizations condemn female genital mutilation (FGM), or cutting, as a violation of human rights, and most nations have banned it, it remains prevalent in many African countries, and is slow to decline. This persistence raises questions about the effectiveness of international and national laws prohibiting the practice as well as the potential role of returning migrants in changing embedded cultural norms. Does migration change migrants’ opinions and attitudes to this custom? If so, do they transfer the new norms to their origin countries?