Ana I. Moreno-Monroy

  • Current position:
    Marie Curie Research Fellow, Economics Department, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Spain
  • Research interest:
    Geographical distribution of firms and employment, income segregation and inequality, urbanization and economic development, impact of public transport infrastructure provision
  • Website:
  • Affiliations:
    Universitat Rovira I Virgili, Spain
  • Past positions:
    Lecturer, University of Groningen, The Netherlands (September 2013–August 2014); Post-doctoral researcher, University of Groningen, The Netherlands (September 2012–August 2013)
  • Qualifications:
    PhD Economics, University of Groningen, 2012
  • Personal statement about IZA World of Labor:
    I am thrilled to be part of this project. IZA World of Labor provides a much needed platform to communicate new academic insights to a wider audience
  • Selected publications:
    • “Intra-metropolitan clustering of formal and informal manufacturing activity: Evidence from Cali, Colombia.” Tijdschrift voor Economische en Sociale Geographie (Forthcoming) (with G. García).
    • “Urban employment in small businesses and the level of economic development: Evidence from Chinese cities.” Growth and Change 47:1 (2016): 53–71 (with S. Yu and V. Euse).
    • “Formal sector subcontracting and informal sector employment in Indian manufacturing.” IZA Journal of Labor and Development 3:22 (2014) (with J. Pieters and A. Erumban).
    • “Informality in space: Understanding agglomeration economies during economic development.” Urban Studies 49:10 (2012): 2019–2030.
    • “Informal sector and manufacturing location: In search of the missing links.” Spatial Economic Analysis 7:2 (2012): 179–201 (with M. Gerritse).
  • Articles

Access to public transport and labor informality

Poor public transport can reduce employment in the formal sector

July 2016

10.15185/izawol.274 274

by Ana I. Moreno-Monroy Moreno-Monroy, A

Public transport infrastructure has not kept up with the demands of growing populations in cities in developing countries. Infrastructure provision has historically been biased against less affluent areas, so access to formal jobs is often difficult and costly for a large part of the lower-income population. As a result, low-income workers may be discouraged from commuting to formal jobs, lack information on job opportunities, and face discrimination. Through these channels, constrained accessibility can result in higher rates of job informality. Reducing informality can be a target for well-designed transport policies.